Advertisement

Discourse Theory as Critical Media Politics? Five Questions

  • Lincoln Dahlberg
Chapter

Abstract

Discourse theory is, at its core, a theory of politics: of the hegemonic formation of social relations — of discourses — that necessarily involve hierarchies of power and relations of inclusion and exclusion. As such, discourse is, in essence, political. And since discursive articulations and contestations rely on forms of mediation, ranging from body language to mass media representations, discourse theory can be thought of as fundamentally about media politics. Moreover, given its commitment to an examination of the discursive configurations of power constituting social relations, and its identification of practical strategies for changing such configurations, discourse theory can be understood as offering an approach to the critique of media politics, and indeed an approach to doing critical media politics.

Keywords

Public Sphere Radical Contingency Discourse Theory Normative Consensus Empty Signifier 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arditi, B. (2007). Post-hegemony: politics outside the usual post-Marxist paradigm. Contemporary Politics, 13(3), 205–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barnett, C. (2004). Deconstructing radical democracy: articulation, representation, and being-with-others. Political Geography, 23(5), 503–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Beasley-Murray, J. (2003). On posthegemony, Bulletin of Latin American Research, 22(1), 117–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beasley-Murray, J. (2010). Political theory and Latin America. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  5. Carpentier, N. & Spinoy, E. (2008). (Eds). Discourse theory and cultural analysis: Media, arts, and literature. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.Google Scholar
  6. Critchley, S. (2004). Is there a normative deficit in the theory of hegemony. In S. Critchley & O. Marchart (Eds.), Laclau: A critical reader (pp. 113–22). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Dahlgren, P. (2007). Civic identity and net activism: The frame of radical democracy. In L. Dahlberg & E. Siapera (Eds.), Radical democracy and the Internet: Interrogating theory and practice (pp. 55–72). New York: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  8. Day, R. (2004). From hegemony to affinity: The political logic of the newest social movements. Cultural Studies, 18(5), 716–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Devenney, M. (2004). Ethics and politics in discourse theory. In S. Critchley & O. Marchart (Eds.), Laclau: A critical reader (pp. 123–39). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Devenney, M. (2006). Day two: Ontology and politics. Discourse Theory Summer School, Wellington, Victoria University.Google Scholar
  11. Downey, J. & Fenton, N. (2003). New media, counter publicity and the public sphere. New Media & Society, 5(2), 185–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fraser, N. ( 1998). A future for Marxism. New Politics, 6(4). Retrieved December 21, 2010, from http://www.wpunj.edu/newpol/issue24/fraser24.htm.
  13. Fraser, N. (2007). Transnationalizing the public sphere: On the legitimacy and efficiency of public opinion in a Post-Westphalian World. Theory, Culture & Society, 24(4), 73–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Geras, N. (1987). “Post-Marxism?” New Left Review, 163 (May/June), 40–82.Google Scholar
  15. Gibson, J. J. (1977). The theory of affordances. In R. Shaw & J. Bransford (Eds.), Perceiving, acting, and knowing: Toward an ecological psychology (pp. 67–82). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  16. Glynos, J. & Howarth, D. (2007). Logics of critical explanation in social and political theory. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  17. Glynos, J. & Stavrakakis, Y. (2010). Politics and the unconscious: An interview with Ernesto Laclau. Subjectivity, 3(3), 231–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Habermas, J. (1989). The structural transformation of the public sphere: An inquiry into a category of bourgeois society (T. Burger, Trans.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  19. Habermas, J. (1996). Between facts and norms: Contributions to a discourse theory of law and democracy (W. Rehg, Trans.). Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  20. Habermas, J. (2006). Political communication in media society: Does democracy still enjoy an epistemic dimension? The impact of normative theory on empirical research. Communication Theory, 16(4), 411–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Horkheimer, M. (1974). Eclipse of reason. New York: Continuum.Google Scholar
  22. Kahn, R. & Kellner, D. (2007). Globalization, technopolitics, and radical democracy, In L. Dahlberg & E. Siapera (Eds.), The Internet and radical democracy: Interrogating theory and practice (pp. 17–36). London: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  23. Kioupkiolis, A. (2010). Radicalizing democracy. Constellations, 17(1), 137–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Laclau, E. (1990). New reflections on the revolution of our time. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  25. Laclau, E. (1996). Emancipation(s). London: Verso.Google Scholar
  26. Laclau, E. (2000). Identity and hegemony. In J. Butler, E. Laclau & S. Žižek (Eds.), Contingency, hegemony, universality: Contemporary dialogues on the Left (pp. 44–89). London: Verso.Google Scholar
  27. Laclau, E. (2001). Democracy and the question of power. Constellations, 8(1), 3–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Laclau, E. (2004). Glimpsing the future. In S. Critchley & O. Marchart (Eds.), Laclau: A critical reader (pp. 279–328). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Laclau, E. (2005). On populist reason. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  30. Laclau, L. & Bhaskar, R. (1998). Discourse theory vs. critical realism. Journal of Critical Realism, 1(2), 9–14.Google Scholar
  31. Laclau, E. & Mouffe, C. (1990). Post-Marxism without apologies. In E. Laclau (Ed.), New reflections on the revolution of our time (pp. 97–132). London: Verso.Google Scholar
  32. Laclau, E. & Mouffe, C. (2001). Hegemony and socialist strategy: Towards a radical democratic politics. (2nd ed.). London: Verso.Google Scholar
  33. Laclau, E., Worsham, L. & Olson, G. A. (1999). Hegemony and the future of democracy: Ernesto Laclau’s political philosophy. In G. A. Olson & L. Worsham (Eds.), Race, rhetoric, and the postcolonial (pp. 129–64). Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  34. Marchart, O. (2002). Art, space and the public sphere(s). Some basic observations on the difficult relation of public art, urbanism and political theory. Eipcp. Retrieved November 22, 2010, from http://www.eipcp.net/transversal/0102/marchart/en.
  35. Marchart, O. (2007). Post-foundational political thought: Political difference in Nancy, Lefort, Badiou and Laclau. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Mouffe, C. (2000). The democratic paradox. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  37. Mouffe, C. (2005a). For an agonistic public sphere. In L. Tønder & L. Thomassen (Eds.), Radical democracy: Politics between abundance and lack (pp. 123–32). Manchester: University of Manchester Press.Google Scholar
  38. Mouffe, C. (2005b). On the Political. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  39. Mouffe, C. (2007). Artistic activism and agonistic spaces. Art & research: A Journal of Ideas, Contexts and Methods, 1(2). Retrieved November 20, 2010, from http://www.artandresearch.org.uk/v1n2/pdfs/mouffe.pdf
  40. Mouffe, C., Carpentier, N. & Cammaerts, B. (2006). Hegemony, democracy, ago-nism and journalism: An interview with Chantal Mouffe. Journalism Studies, 7(6), 964–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Mouffe, C., Laclau, E. & Angus, I. (1999). An interview with Chantal Mouffe and Ernesto Laclau. Knowledge Network, British Colombia Broadcasting.Google Scholar
  42. Norman, D. A. (1999). Affordances, conventions, and design. Interactions, 6(3), 38–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Norval, A. (2007). Aversive democracy: Inheritance and originality in the democratic tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Palczewski, C. H. (2001). Cyber-movements, new social movements, and counter-publics. In D. Brouwer & R. Asen (Eds.), Counterpublics and the state (pp. 9–27). New York: SUNY Press.Google Scholar
  45. Peck, J. (2006). Why we shouldn’t be bored with the political economy versus cultural studies debate. Cultural Critique, 64(Fall), 92–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Robinson, A. & Tormey, S. (2007). Beyond representation? A rejoinder. Parliamentary Affairs, 60(1), 127–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Salazar, J. F. (2003). Articulating an activist imaginary: Internet as counter public sphere in the Mapuche movement, 1997/2002. Media International Australia Incorporating Culture and Policy, 107(May), 19–30.Google Scholar
  48. Smith, A. M. (1998). Laclau and Mouffe: the radical democratic imaginary. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  49. Thoburn, N. (2007). Patterns of production: Cultural studies after hegemony. Theory, Culture & Society, 24(3), 79–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Valentine, J. (2001). The hegemony of hegemony. History of the Human Sciences, 14(1), 88–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Veltmeyer, H. (2000). Post-Marxist project: An assessment and critique of Ernesto Laclau. Sociological Inquiry, 70(4), 499–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wimmer, J. (2008). The publics behind political Web campaigning: The digital transformation of “classic” counter-public spheres. In S. Baringhorst, V. Kneip & J. Niesyto (Eds.), Political campaigning on the Web (pp. 31–52), Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.Google Scholar
  53. Ylä-Anttila, T. (2005). The world social forum and the globalization of social movements and public spheres. Ephemera: Theory and Politics in Organization, 5(2), 423–42.Google Scholar
  54. Zhang, W. (2006). Constructing and disseminating subaltern public discourse in China. Javnost-The Public, 13(2), 41–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Žižek, S. (1989). The sublime object of ideology. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  56. Žižek, S. (2000). Holding the place. In Butler, J., Laclau, E., & Žižek, S. (Eds.) Contingency, hegemony, universality: Contemporary dialogues on the left (pp. 308–329). London: Verso.Google Scholar
  57. Žižek, S. (2006). Master class on Jacques Lacan: A lateral introduction, 25th May–20th June. London. Birkbeck College.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Lincoln Dahlberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lincoln Dahlberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations