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Epilogue and Conclusion

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Abstract

In October 1963, a group of ACOA activists held a demonstration outside the South African consulate, timed to coincide with the opening in South Africa of the Rivonia trial, named after northern Johannesburg suburb in which the leadership of the armed wing of the ANC had based their operations, and where they had been arrested earlier that year. The protestors, who included Michael Scott, Bill Sutherland and a group of schoolchildren who were, apparently, persuaded to cancel their visit to Consulate officials and join the protest. Plans to launch a large helium balloon carrying a sign saying ‘End Apartheid’ over Madison Avenue were foiled when it burst, greeted ‘by a chorus of ‘Ahs’ and ‘Ohs”.1 To an extent, the metaphor is apt, for the following year saw the suppression of internal resistance in South Africa, and a deflation of morale across the international anti-apartheid movement. In January 1964, Ellen Hellman noted in correspondence to Houser that the South African economy was strengthening and immigration from Europe was on the increase — it was these trends, she argued, that would undermine apartheid in the long term, not a campaign of sanctions. The moment of crisis for the apartheid state had, it seemed, passed.

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Notes

  1. Mary Benson (1996) A Far Cry (Randburg: Ravan), pp. 154–5.

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  2. M. Gevisser (2007) Thabo Mbeki: The Dream Deferred (Cape Town: Jonathan Ball).

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© 2010 Rob Skinner

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Skinner, R. (2010). Epilogue and Conclusion. In: The Foundations of Anti-Apartheid. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230309081_8

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230309081_8

  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, London

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-349-30148-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-0-230-30908-1

  • eBook Packages: Palgrave History CollectionHistory (R0)

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