German Science and Imperial Forestry, 1840s–1900s

  • James Beattie
Part of the Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series


This chapter examines the environmental anxieties and bureaucratic responses initiated in Australasia and South Asia by German-trained scientists, whose prominence and qualifications J. D. Hooker had mocked. In India, German-trained scientists effectively developed the foundation of state forest conservation laid by Scottish-trained doctors, moving it onto a far more professional footing. Their strong educational background and particular experiences and training gave German- educated scientists a system, and a science, to translate these earlier anxieties into practical policies and bureaucratic solutions, moderated by the particular political and environmental circumstances of colonies.3 Thanks to greater acceptance of state intervention, German scientists developed the IFS into a widely admired bureaucracy, whereas laissez- faire attitudes restricted their impact on state forest management in Australasia. In both regions, however, environmental anxieties proved crucial in fostering a sense of alarm and in establishing the professionalism of foresters.


Soil Erosion Forest Conservation Timber Supply Forest Officer German Forester 
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Copyright information

© James Beattie 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Beattie
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WaikatoNew Zealand

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