Advertisement

Mauritian Muslims: Negotiating Changing Identities through Language

  • Aaliya Rajah-Carrim
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter analyses the changing linguistic practices of a minority religious group in a plurireligious secular society: Muslims in Mauritius. Although most Mauritian Muslims (MMs) are of Indian origin, they adhere to different theological groups. There are also ethnic differences within the community. These religious and ethnic identities are reflected in, and expressed by, linguistic practices.

Keywords

Ethnic Identity Religious Leader Religious Identity Muslim Community John Benjamin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baggioni, D. and de Robillard, D. (1990) Ile Maurice: Une Francophonie Paradoxale. Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, P. (1972) Kreol: a Description of Mauritian Creole. London: C. Hurst.Google Scholar
  3. Benedict, B. (1961) Mauritius: the Problems of a Plural Society. London: Institute of Race Relations.Google Scholar
  4. Donath, F. (2006) ‘How to Carry Owls to Athens? Performing Scriptural Authenticity among Wahhabi Muslims in Mauritius’, http://www.gzaa.unihalle.de/eng/studyday/studyday.php?semid=03&tid=009&pid=037 (accessed on 31 March 2007).Google Scholar
  5. Eisenlohr, P. (2004) ‘Register Levels of Ethno-National Purity: the Ethnicization of Language and Community in Mauritius’. Language in Society, 33, 59–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Eisenlohr, P. (2006) ‘The Politics of Diaspora and the Morality of Secularism: Muslim Identities and Islamic Authority in Mauritius’. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 12, 395–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Emrith, M. (1967) The Muslims of Mauritius. Port Louis: Editions Le Printemps.Google Scholar
  8. Eriksen, T.H. (1990) ‘Linguistic Diversity and the Quest for National Identity: the Case of Mauritius’. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 13, 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Eriksen, T.H. (1998) Common Denominators: Ethnicity, Nation-Building and Compromise in Mauritius. Oxford and New York: Berg.Google Scholar
  10. Fishman, J.A. (2006) ‘A Decalogue of Basic Theoretical Perspectives or a Sociology of Language and Religion’, in T. Omoniyi and J.A. Fishman (eds), Explorations in the Sociology of Language and Religion, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 13–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Giles, H. and Powesland, P.F. (1975) ‘A Social Psychological Model of Speech Diversity’, in H. Giles and P.F. Powesland (eds), Speech Style and Social Evaluation, London and New York: Harcourt Brace, published in cooperation with the European Association of Experimental Social Psychology by Academic Press, pp. 154–70.Google Scholar
  12. Hollup, O. (1996) ‘Islamic Revivalism and Political Opposition among Minority Muslims in Mauritius’. Ethnology, 354, 285–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Irvine, J.T. (1998) ‘Ideologies of Honorific Language’, in B.B. Schieffelin et al. (eds), Language Ideologies: Practice and Theory, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 51–67.Google Scholar
  14. Moorghen, P.-M. and Domingue, N.Z. (1982) ‘Multilingualism in Mauritius’. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 34, 51–66.Google Scholar
  15. Omoniyi, T. and Fishman, J.A. (eds) (2006) Explorations in the Sociology of Language and Religion, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins.Google Scholar
  16. Pandharipande, R.V. (2006) ‘Ideology, Authority and Language Choice: Language of Religion in South Asia’, in T. Omoniyi and J.A. Fishman (eds), Explorations in the Sociology of Language and Religion, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 140–63.Google Scholar
  17. Rajah-Carrim, A. (2004) ‘The Role of Mauritian Creole in the Religious Practices of Mauritian Muslims’. Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages, 19, 363–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rajah-Carrim, A. (2005) ‘Language Use and Attitudes in Mauritius on the Basis of the 2000 Population Census’. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 26, 317–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sebba, M. (1997) Contact Languages: Pidgins and Creoles, Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  20. Sikand, Y.S. (2002) The Origins and Development of the Tablighi-Jama’at (1920– 2000): a Cross-Country Comparative Study. Hyderabad, A.P.: Orient Longman.Google Scholar
  21. Silverstein, M. (1979) ‘Language Structure and Linguistic Ideology’, in P.R. Clyne et al. (eds), The Elements: a Parasession on Linguistic Units and Levels, Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society, pp. 193–247.Google Scholar
  22. Stein, P. (1982) Connaissance et Emploi des Langues à l’Ile Maurice. Hamburg: Helmut Busche Verlag.Google Scholar
  23. Stein, P. (1986) ‘The Value and Problems of Census Data on Languages: an Evaluation of the Language Tables from the 1983 Population Census of Mauritius’, in J.A. Fishman et al. (eds), The Fergusonian Impact: In Honor of Charles A. Ferguson, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, vol. 2.Google Scholar
  24. Stein, P. (1997) ‘The English Language in Mauritius: Past and Present’. English World-Wide, 18, 65–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Watts, R. (1999) ‘The Ideology of Dialect in Switzerland’, in Jan Blommaert (ed.), Language Ideological Debates, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pp. 67–103.Google Scholar
  26. Woods, A. (2006) ‘The Role of Language in some Ethnic Churches in Melbourne’, in T. Omoniyi and J.A. Fishman (eds), Explorations in the Sociology of Language and Religion, Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 197–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Aaliya Rajah-Carrim 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaliya Rajah-Carrim

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations