Changing Gendered Patterns of Morbidity and Mortality



The dictum, ‘women get sicker but men die quicker’ is often treated as an established fact. However, historical demographic data demonstrate that women have not always outlived men. Moreover, current data from developing countries demonstrate that war, epidemic, disease and extreme poverty can diminish, or even reverse, women’s advantage in life expectancy (see National Center for Healthcare Statistics, 2009; World Health Organization, 2008). Thus the apparently paradoxical gender differences in morbidity and mortality are neither universal nor invariant within and across societies (Annandale, 2009).


Black Woman Gender Pattern Social Explanation Gender Social Role Joint United Nations Programme 
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Copyright information

© Chloe E. Bird, Martha E. Lang and Patricia P. Rieker 2010

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