Critiquing First and Second Generation Approaches

  • Oliver P. Richmond
Part of the Global Issues book series (GLOISS)


This chapter further develops the critique of the first two generations of approaches to ending conflict in the context of the changing nature of the international system in order to illustrate a progression from mono- dimensional attempts to deal with multidimensional conflicts. This establishes the ground for a discussion in Chapter 5 of attempts to reform and reformulate approaches to ending conflict in the context of the complex emergencies and crises of the post-cold war era.


Conflict Resolution International System Human Security State Sovereignty Ethnic Conflict 
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  1. 1.
    See, for example, Inis L. Claude, Swords into Ploughshares, 4th edn, New York: Random House, 1964.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Fen Osier Hampson, Nurturing Peace: Why Peace Settlements Succeed or Fail, Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1996, p. 4.Google Scholar
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    Mordechai Bar-on, In Pursuit of Peace, Washington: US Institute of Peace, 1996, p. xv.Google Scholar
  5. 14.
    Brian Mandell, ‘The Limits of Mediation: Lessons from Syria-Israel Experience, 1974–1994’, in J. Bercovitch (ed.), Resolving International Conflicts: The Theory and Practice of Mediation, London and Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner, 1996, p. 136.Google Scholar
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    See Richard Holbrooke, To End a War, New York: Random House, 1998.Google Scholar
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    K. Avruch, P. Black and J. A. Scimecca, Conflict Resolution: Cross-Cultural Perspectives, London: Greenwood Press, 1991, p. 4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Oliver P. Richmond 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oliver P. Richmond
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of International RelationsUniversity of St AndrewsUK

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