Individual Citizens



Citizenship sums up the relationship between the individual and the nation state. It is an elusive concept, which has been used as an exclusive and an inclusive social organising principle. In European social thought the concept of citizenship is constructed as universal; but it contains tensions between sameness and difference, us and others, centres and margins. We problematise the universality of citizenship by exploring how it is constructed and reconstructed in schools.


Nation Space Individual Citizen Absolute Space Mental Space National Citizen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Tuula Gordon, Janet Holland and Elina Lahelma 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Women’s StudiesUniversity of TampereFinland
  2. 2.Social Science Research Centre, Faculty of Humanities and Social ScienceSouth Bank UniversityLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of EducationUniversity of HelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Academy of FinlandFinland

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