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Introduction

  • Thomas Max Safley
Part of the Early Modern History: Society and Culture book series

Abstract

In 1639 Matheus Miller came home to Augsburg. Fourteen years of age, he had spent the last three as a student at the Latin School of Johann Conrad Merck in the imperial city of Ulm. There he had studied grammar, arithmetic and music. He had progressed quickly and had reached the sixth class in a humanist curriculum that included elements of logic and Greek. It had been an encouraging start toward a scholarly or professional career that was not to be. As he wrote in a memoir, begun at least a decade later, ‘My inclination and desire were more toward business, and my father was optimistic that it would serve me in time, if he were able to use me in his own firm’.1 His decision made, Matheus left school.

Keywords

Family Business Early Modern Period Great Expense Charles Versus Sixth Class 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 4.
    StadtAA, Steuerbücher, 1625, 97c; 1635, 98a. The common coinage of early modern Augsburg was the Rhenish Gulden, abbreviated ‘fl.’, a silver piece worth roughly 1.75 DM or $0.95 today. Its subdivisions were the Kreutzer (kr.) and Heller (hl.). The following equivalency applied as a rule: 1 Gulden (fl.) = 60 Kreutzer (kr.) = 420 Heller (hl.). Some sense of the market value of the Gulden can be derived from the accounts provided to the City Council by the Bakers’ Guild in 1596. According to these estimates, an artisanal household paid fl. 1 kr. 30 for a week’s supply of bread or beef (12 pounds). As cited in B. Roeck, Bäcker, Brot und Getreide in Augsburg: Zur Geschichte der Bäckerhandwerk und zur Versorgungspolitik der Reichsstadt im Zeitalter der Dreißigjährigen Kreiges (Sigmaringen, 1987), p. 27.Google Scholar
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    Augsburg taxed the total of real and moveable property, the value of which can be calculated as the product of tax assessment and tax rate. Because it used two rates — 0.25 percent (0.0025) for real property and 0.50 percent (0.0050) for moveable property — but listed only a single, undifferentiated figure as the liability of a given taxpayer, the result is a range rather than a specific value. See C.-P. Clasen, Die Augsburger Steuerbücher um 1600 (Augsburg, 1976), pp. 7–9;Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Thomas Max Safley 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Max Safley
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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