South Africa pp 658-703 | Cite as

Body, Mind and Spirit: A Quest for Humane Values

  • T. R. H. Davenport
  • Christopher Saunders


Public health policy in the Union was coordinated under, but largely fragmented by the Public Health Act of 1919, which merely amalgamated pre-Union structures; but it shaped general policy until the 1970s. When the National Health Service Commission under Dr Henry Gluckman reported in 1944 it made a serious attempt to reassess the system of controls which had been unable to provide effective health care either in the rural areas, or in the towns, or on the mines (Marks and Andersson). Phthisis had ravaged the mines, while the policy of urban segregation had been promoted as part an official effort to protect white society from bubonic plague in 1901 and the Spanish flu in 1918, as for any other reason (Swanson). Typhus and malaria were major killers in the Reserves in the 1920s and 1930s, and it came to be recognised that disease in South Africa was linked to social conditions and could not therefore be checked by social reforms.


Muslim Community Church Leader Teacher Ratio Native Affair African Education 
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Bibliographical Notes

21.1 Health, Welfare and physical pursuits (a) Health

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21.2 The difficult road to better education

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21.3 A microcosm of cultures: faith communities and the transition to a democratic order (a) Christian

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(b) Islamic

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(c) Jewish

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21.4 Truth and Reconciliation

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Copyright information

© T. R. H. Davenport and Christopher Saunders 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. R. H. Davenport
    • 1
  • Christopher Saunders
    • 2
  1. 1.Rhodes UniversityGrahamstownSouth Africa
  2. 2.University of Cape TownSouth Africa

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