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Europe in the Mirror of the Mediterranean

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Abstract

The Mediterranean is both Europe’s mirror and its extension, too close to ignore, too far to embrace. It is the cradle of its ‘civilisation’ and its demographic future, but also its poor southern neighbour and the source of its discontents. It is One with it and yet the Other — Arab, Muslim — at its doorstep. The Mediterranean is a space of intertwined histories and presents, a space of intense mingling and conflict. For some, it is a beautiful idea, for others a horrible headache. In the political or institutional realm, there is almost no evidence of it. From its beginning, the European Union has tried to define the nature of its relations with this space of imprecise contours, formerly the chosen territory of colonial expansion for its more powerful members. A decade ago, freed from the constraints of the Cold War, it gave birth to a new idea, the ‘Euro-Mediterranean Partnership’ (EMP). Fearing the winds of globalisation and feeling the pull of EU attraction, states of the southern Mediterranean, even while belonging to other geopolitical groups such as the Maghreb, the Machrek, the Middle-East and, of course, the ‘Arab world’, allowed themselves to be seduced by the idea.

Keywords

  • Civil Society
  • Normative Power
  • Mutual Recognition
  • Arab World
  • Community Building

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. See Eric Philippart, ‘The Euro-Mediterranean Partnership: a Critical Evaluation of an Ambitious Scheme’, European Foreign Affairs Review, 8, 2003, pp. 201–20.

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  4. See Jean-François Bayart, L’Illusion identitaire (Paris: Fayard, 1996)

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  6. See Raffaella A. Del Sarto, ‘Israel’s Contested Identity and the Mediterranean’, Mediterranean Politics, 8(1), Spring, 2003, pp. 27–58.

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  7. Richard Bellamy, Dario Castiglione and Emilio Santoro, Lineages of European Citizenship: Rights, Belonging, and Participation in Eleven Nation-States (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004).

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  8. Kalypso Nicolaïdis, ‘Living with our Differences’, in Nikos Kotzias and Petros Liacouras (dir.), EU-US Relations: Repairing the Transatlantic Rift (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004).

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  9. Michelle Pace, The Politics of Regional Identity: Meddling with the Mediterranean (London: Routledge, 2005).

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  10. See John G. Ruggie, ‘Territoriality and Beyond: Problematizing Modernity in International Relations’, International Organization, 47(1), 1993, pp. 139–74.

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© 2007 Kalypso Nicolaïdis and Dimitri Nicolaïdis

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Nicolaïdis, K., Nicolaïdis, D. (2007). Europe in the Mirror of the Mediterranean. In: Fabre, T., Sant-Cassia, P. (eds) Between Europe and the Mediterranean. Palgrave Macmillan, London. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230287334_11

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