• Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The earliest evidence of human settlement in Nigeria dates from 9000 BC and by 2000 BC its inhabitants were cultivating crops and domestic animals. However, the first organized society was of the Nok people, from around 800 BC to AD 200. Traces of Nok influence are visible in Nigerian art today, particularly in areas such as Igbo, Ukwe, Esie and Benin City. By AD 1000, Nok had given way to the Kanem, thanks to the trans-Saharan trade route that ran from West Africa to the Mediterranean.


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Further Reading

  1. Forrest, T., Politics and Economic Development in Nigeria. Boulder (CO), 1993Google Scholar
  2. Maier, K., This House Has Fallen: Midnight in Nigeria. Penguin Press, London and PublicAffairs, New York, 2000Google Scholar
  3. Miles, W. F. S., Hausaland Divided: Colonialism and Independence in Nigeria and Niger. Cornell Univ. Press, 1994Google Scholar
  4. National Statistical Office: Federal Office of Statistics, Plot 205, Bacita Close, Gakki, Area 2, P.M.B. 127, Abuja.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

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