In 1884 South West Africa was declared a German protectorate. Germany then introduced racial segregation and the exploitation of the diamond mines began. In 1915 the Union of South Africa occupied German South West Africa and on 17 Dec. 1920 the League of Nations entrusted the territory as a Mandate to the Union of South Africa. After World War II South Africa applied for its annexation to the Union and continued to administer the territory in defiance of various UN resolutions. In June 1968 the UN changed the name of the territory to Namibia.
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