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Armenia

  • Barry Turner
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

According to tradition, the kingdom was founded in the region of Lake Van by Haig, or Haik, a descendant of Noah. Historically, the region and former kingdom that was Greater Armenia lay east of the Euphrates River; Little, or Lesser, Armenia was west of the river. In 189 BC the Armenians split from the Syrians to found a native dynasty, the Artashesids. Te imperialistic ambitions of King Tigranes led to war with Rome and defeated Armenia became a tributary kingdom. In the 3rd century AD it was overrun by Sassanian Persia. Armenia was the first country to adopt Christianity as its state religion, in the early 4th century. Te persecution of Christians under Persian rule kindled nationalism, particularly afer the partition in 387 AD of the kingdom between Persia and Rome. However, because of its strategic location, attempts at independence were short-lived, as Armenia was the constant prey of the Persians, Byzantines and Arabs, and later of the Turkish and Russian Empires.

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Further Reading

  1. Brook, S., Claws of the Crab: Georgia and Armenia in Crisis. London, 1992Google Scholar
  2. Hovannisian, R. G., Te Republic of Armenia. 4 vols. Univ. of California Press, 1996Google Scholar
  3. Malkasian, M., Gha-Ra-Bagh: the Emergence of the National Democratic Movement in Armenia. Wayne State Univ. Press, 1996Google Scholar
  4. Nersessian, V. N., Armenia.[Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1993Google Scholar
  5. Walker, C. J., Armenia: Te Survival of a Nation.2nd ed. London, 1990Google Scholar
  6. National Statistical Office: National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia. President: Stepan L. Mnatsakanyan.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Turner

There are no affiliations available

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