What is now the Czech Republic was originally inhabited by Celts around the 4th century BC. The Celtic Boii tribe gave the country its Latin name— Boiohaemum (Bohemia)—but was driven out by Germanic tribes. Slav tribes were well established by the 6th century. The Great Moravian Empire, comprising Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia, reached its height under Moravian ruler Svatopluk, but was engulfed and destroyed by the Magyars around 903–07.
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