Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Formerly Zaïre)
Bantu tribes migrated to the Congo basin from the northwest in the first millennium AD, forming several kingdoms and many smaller forest communities. Kongo emerged as a kingdom on the Atlantic coast in the 14th century. King Nzinga Mbemba entered into diplomatic relations with Portugal after 1492. Christian missionaries, who baptized the king Affonso, caused divisions in Kongo society; the Portuguese were expelled in 1526, only to be welcomed back after attacks by the Jagas in the late 16th century.
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