Prior to European colonization the two main indigenous groups—the Diaguita in the northwest and the Guarani in the south and east—developed an agricultural civilization. Europeans came to Argentina in the early 16th century. When Sebastian Cabot established the first Spanish settlement in 1526, he revealed Argentina’s silver resources, possibly inspiring the name Argentina (‘of silver’). Ten years later Pedro de Mendoza founded Buenos Aires. However, it was not until 1580 that the region’s indigenous peoples, weakened by European diseases as much as by military campaigns, were finally defeated and Spanish rule established.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bethell, L. (ed.) Argentina since Independence. CUP, 1994Google Scholar
- Biggins, Alex, Argentina. [Bibliography] ABC-Clio, Oxford and Santa Barbara (CA), 1991Google Scholar
- Lewis, P., The Crisis of Argentine Capitalism. North Carolina Univ. Press, 1990Google Scholar
- Manzetti, L., Institutions, Parties and Coalitions in Argentine Politics. Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, 1994Google Scholar
- Romero, Luis Alberto, A History of Argentina in the Twentieth Century; translated from Spanish. Pennsylvania State Univ. Press, 2002Google Scholar
- Shumway, N., The Invention of Argentina. California Univ. Press, 1992Google Scholar
- Turner, Barry, (ed.) Latin America Profiled. Macmillan, London, 2000Google Scholar
- Wynia, G. W., Argentina: Illusions and Realities. 2nd ed. Hoddesdon, 1993Google Scholar
- National statistical office: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (INDEC). Av. Julio A. Roca 615, PB (1067) Buenos Aires. Director: Dr Lelio Mármora.Google Scholar
- Website: http://www.indec.mecon.ar