Conquered by Spain in 1526, El Salvador remained under Spanish rule until 1821. Thereafter, El Salvador was a member of the Central American Federation comprising the states of El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica until this federation was dissolved in 1839. In 1841 El Salvador declared itself an independent republic.
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- Kufeld, A., El Salvador. NY, 1991Google Scholar
- Montgomery, T. S., Revolution in El Salvador: Origins and Evolution. Boulder (CO), 1982Google Scholar
- National statistical office: Direction General de Estadistica y Censos, Calle Arce, San Salvador.Google Scholar
- Website (Spanish only): http://www.minec.gob.sv/inecoso.htm