Haiti occupies the western third of the large island of Hispaniola which was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492. The Spanish colony was ceded to France in 1697 and became her most prosperous colony. After the extirpation of the Indians by the Spaniards (by 1533) large numbers of African slaves were imported whose descendants now populate the country. The slaves obtained their liberation following the French Revolution, but subsequently Napoleon sent his brother-in-law, Gen. Leclerc, to restore French authority and re-impose slavery. Toussaint Louverture, the leader of the slaves who had been appointed a French general and governor, was kidnapped and sent to France, where he died in gaol. However, the reckless courage of the Negro troops and the ravages of yellow fever forced the French to evacuate the island and surrender to the blockading British squadron.
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Books of Reference
- The official gazette is Le Moniteur. Google Scholar
- Revue Agricole d’Haïti. From 1946. QuarterlyGoogle Scholar
- Bellegarde, D., Histoire du Peuple Haïtien. Port-au-Prince, 1953Google Scholar
- Chambers, F. J., Haiti. [Bibliography] Oxford and Santa Barbara, 1983Google Scholar
- Ferguson, J., Papa Doc, Baby Doc: Haiti and the Duvaliers. Oxford, 1987Google Scholar
- Laguerre, M. S., The Complete Haitiana. [Bibliography] London and New York, 1982Google Scholar
- Lundahl, M., The Haitian Economy: Man, Land and Markets. London, 1983Google Scholar
- Nicholls, D., From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour and National Independence in Haiti. CUP, 1979.—Haiti in Caribbean Context: Ethnicity, Economy and Revolt. London, 1985Google Scholar
- National Library: Bibliothèque Nationale, Rue du Centre, Port-au-Prince.Google Scholar