• John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Paraguay gained its independence from Spain on 14 May 1811. In 1814 Dr José Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia was elected dictator, and in 1816 perpetual dictator by the National Assembly. He died 20 Sept. 1840. In 1844 a new constitution was adopted, under which Carlos Antonio Lopez (first elected in 1842, died 10 Sept. 1862) and his son, Francisco Solano Lopez, ruled until 1870. During the devastating war against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay (1865–70) Paraguay’s population was reduced from about 600,000 to 232,000. Argentina, in Aug. 1942, and Brazil, in May 1943, voided the reparations which Paraguay had never paid. Further severe losses were incurred during the war with Bolivia (1932–35) over territorial claims in the Chaco. A peace treaty by which Paraguav obtained most of the area her troops had conquered was signed in July 1938.

República del Paraguay


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Books of Reference

  1. Gaceta Official, published by Imprenta Nacional, Estrella y Estera Bellaco, AsuncionGoogle Scholar
  2. Anuario Daumas. AsunciónGoogle Scholar
  3. Anuario Esladistico de la República del Paraguay. Asunción. AnnualGoogle Scholar
  4. Lewis, P. H., Paraguay under Stroessner. Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1980Google Scholar
  5. Maybury-Lewis, D. and Howe, J., The Indian Peoples of Paraguay: Their Plight and Their Prospects. Cambridge, Mass., 1980Google Scholar
  6. Pendle, G., Paraguay, A Riverside Nation. R. Inst, of Int. Affairs, 3rd ed., 1967Google Scholar
  7. Raine, P., Paraguay. New Brunswick, N.J., 1956Google Scholar
  8. National Library: Biblioteca Nacional, De la Rosidenta, Asunción.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

There are no affiliations available

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