République du Zaïre
  • John Paxton
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


HISTORY. Until the middle of the 19th century the territory drained by the Congo River was practically unknown. When Stanley reached the mouth of the Congo in 1877, King Leopold II of the Belgians recognized the immense possibilities of the Congo Basin and took the lead in exploring and exploiting it. The Berlin Conference of 1884–85 recognized King Leopold II as the sovereign head of the Congo Free State.


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Books of Reference

  1. Anstey, R., King Leopold’s Legacy; The Congo Under Belgian Rule 1908–1960. OUP, 1960Google Scholar
  2. Area Handbook for the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa). US Government Printing Office, Washington, 1971Google Scholar
  3. Atlas Général du Congo. Académie Royale, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  4. Cornevin, R., Histoire de Congo. Paris, 1963Google Scholar
  5. Ganshof van de Mecrsch, W. J., Fin de la souveraineté Belge au Congo. Brussels and The Hague. 1965Google Scholar
  6. Gran, G., Zaire: The Political Economy of Underdevelopment. New York. 1979Google Scholar
  7. Lefever, Ernest W., Uncertain Mandate: Politics of the UN Congo Operation. Johns Hopkins Press, 1967Google Scholar
  8. Martelli, G., Experiment in World Government: The UN Operation in the Congo 1960–64. London, 1967Google Scholar
  9. Slade, R. M., King Leopold’s Congo: Aspects of the Development of Race Relations in the Congo’s Independent State. OUP, 1962Google Scholar
  10. Young, C., Politics in the Congo: Decolonization and Independence. Princeton UP and OUP. 1965CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Paxton

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