HISTORY. Haiti occupies the western third of the large island of Hispaniola which was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492. The Spanish colony was ceded to France in 1697 and became her most prosperous colony. After the extirpation of the Indians by the Spaniards (by 1533) large numbers of African slaves were imported whose descendants now populate the country. The slaves obtained their liberation following the French Revolution, but subsequently Napoleon sent his brother-in-law, Gen. Leclerc, to restore French authority and re-impose slavery. Toussaint Louverture, the leader of the slaves who had been appointed a French general and governor, was kidnapped and sent to France, where he died in gaol. However, the reckless courage of the Negro troops and the ravages of yellow fever forced the French to evacuate the island and surrender to the blockading British squadron.
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Books of Reference
- The official gazette is Le Moniteur. Google Scholar
- Revue Agricole d’Haiti. From 1946. QuarterlyGoogle Scholar
- Bellegarde, D., Histoire du Peuple Haïtien. Port-au-Prince, 1953Google Scholar
- De Young, M., Man and Land in the Haitian Economy. Univ. of Florida Press, 1958Google Scholar
- Diedrich, B., and Burt, D., Papa Doc. London, 1969Google Scholar
- Institut Haïtien de Statistique, Guide Économique de la République d’Haïti Google Scholar
- James, C. L. R., The Black Jacobins. New York, 1963Google Scholar
- Layburn, J. G., The Haitian People. Yale Press, 1966Google Scholar
- Nicholls, D., From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour and National Independence in Haiti. CUP, 1979Google Scholar
- Rodman, S., Haiti, the Black Republic. New York, 1973Google Scholar
- Talleyrand and Talleyrand. Digest of the Laws of Haiti. Port-au-Prince, 1964Google Scholar
- Turnier, A., Les Etats-Unis et le Marché Haïtien. Washington, D.C., 1955Google Scholar
- National Library; Bibliothèque Nationale, Rue du Centre, Port-au-Prince.Google Scholar