In 1863 present-day Bulgaria consisted of 3 Turkish vilayets (Vidin, Nish, Silistria), with a total population of about 3m.; Vidin, with perhaps 25,000 inhabitants, was the largest town. Bulgarians were establishing their own schools (from 1835), and in 1860 refused to recognize the authority of Greek bishops, obtaining their own national church in 1870. Georgi Rakovsky (1821–67) was organizing from Paris, Belgrade and Bucharest the revolutionary movement against Ottoman rule.
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Books of Reference
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