Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Soyuz Sovyetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Pespublik
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


On 12 March, 1917, a revolution broke out in Russia, as a result of which the Emperor Nicholas II abdicated. A Provisional Government under Prince George Lvov was set up by the Duma, which held office until 16 May, 1917, when it was reorganized. On 6 August, 1917, a new Cabinet under Alexander Kerensky was formed. This, too, was reorganized on 8 October, and maintained itself until 7 November, 1917, when the Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet seized the government authority, and handed it over the next day to the All-Russian Congress of Soviets.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference concerning the U.S.S.R.

1. Official Publications

  1. Izvestia (News). Daily organ of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  2. Sovietskaia Torgovlia. A weekly publication of the Ministry of Trade of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  3. Planovoye Khoziastvo. Bi-monthly. Moscow.Google Scholar
  4. Voprosy Torgovli. A monthly journal published by the Ministry of Trade of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  5. Vneshnaya Torgovlya. Published by the Ministry for Foreign Trade. Monthly. Moscow.Google Scholar
  6. Trud. The organ of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (daily).Google Scholar
  7. Finansy i Kkoziaistvo. A weekly publication of the Ministry for Finance of the U.S.S.R.Google Scholar
  8. Sozialistitcheskoe Zemledelie. A daily publication of the Ministry of Agriculture.Google Scholar
  9. Soviet Ports: Black and Azov Seas: Handbook of General Information, Issued by Sovfracht, All-Union Chartering Corporation. Moscow, 1935.Google Scholar
  10. The Penal Code of the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic. London, 1934.Google Scholar
  11. The Soviet Constitution. London, 1945.Google Scholar
  12. Electoral Law. London, 1945.Google Scholar
  13. Gorky (M.), Molotov (V.), Voroshilov, Kirov (S.), Zhdanov (A.) and Stalin (J.) (editors), The History of the Civil War in the U.S.S.R. 2 vols; vol. I also in English.Google Scholar
  14. Soviet Foreign Policy during the Patriotic War; Documents and Materials. 2 vols. (translated by A. Rothstein). London, 1946–47.Google Scholar
  15. History of the U.S.S.R. Published by the Soviet Academy of Sciences. 2 vols. Moscow, 1940. (In Russian.) German edition under the title ‘Geschichte der Völker der Sowjetunion.’ Basle, 1945.Google Scholar
  16. The Essentials of Lenin. 2 vols.Google Scholar
  17. Bolshaya Sovietskaya Entsiklopedia. 65 vols., Moscow 1926–1947.Google Scholar

2. Other Publications

  1. Soviet Studies; a Quarterly Review. Ed. J. Miller and R. J. A. Schlesinger. Oxford, 1949 ff.Google Scholar
  2. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Russian volumes of the Economic and Social History of the World War. New Haven, 1927–32.Google Scholar
  3. History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Bolsheviks). Short course. Edited by a Commission of the C.C. of the C.P.S.U.(B.). First published in Russian in the U.S.S.R. In 1938. Authorized English translation published in the U.S.S.R. in 1939. Reprinted in Britain in 1943. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  4. Barou (N.), Co-operatives in the Soviet Union. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  5. Bates (S. S.), Soviet Asia. Programmes and Problems. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  6. Baykov (A.), The Development of the Soviet Economic System. Princeton, 1946.—Soviet Foreign Trade. Princeton, 1946.Google Scholar
  7. Beazley (R.), Forbes (N.) and Birkett (G. A.), A History of Russia to Modern Times. London, 1918.Google Scholar
  8. Beloff (M.), The Foreign Policy of Soviet Russia. 2 vols. 1947-49.Google Scholar
  9. Bunyan (J.) and Fisher (H. H.), The Bolshevik Revolution. London, 1934.Google Scholar
  10. Chadwick (N. K.), The Beginnings of Russian History. London, 1946.Google Scholar
  11. Chamberlin (W. H.), Russia’s Iron Age. London, 1935.—The Russian Revolution: 1917–1921. 2 vols. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  12. Coates (W. P.) and Coates (Zelda K.), From Tsardom to the Stalin Constitution. New ed. London, 1942.—Armed Intervention in Russia, 1918–1922. London, 1935.—Scenes from Soviet Life. London and New York, 1936.—World Affairs and the U.S.S.R. London, 1939. —Russia, Finland and the Baltic. London, 1940.—The Soviet Finnish Campaign. London, 1941.—Why Russia Will Win. London, 1942.—A History of Anglo-Soviet Relations. London, 1944.—Six Centuries of Russo-Polish Relations. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  13. Conolly (Violet), Soviet Trade from the Pacific to the Levant. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  14. Crankshaw (E.), Russia and Britain. London, 1944.—Russia and the Russians. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  15. Cressey (George B.), The Basis of Soviet Strength. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  16. Dallin (D.), The Real Soviet Russia. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  17. Dallin (D. J.), Soviet Russia’s Foreign Policy. New York, 1942.Google Scholar
  18. Dallin (D. J.) and Nicolaevsky (B. J.), Forced Labour in Soviet Russia. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  19. Deane (Maj.-Gen.), This Strange Alliance. 1947.Google Scholar
  20. Begras (J.), (compiler), Calendar of Soviet Documents on Foreign Policy, 1917–41. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  21. Dorosh (H.), Russia’s Struggle for Democracy. New York, 1939.Google Scholar
  22. Duranty (Walter), The Story of Soviet Russia. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  23. Fichelle (A.), Géographie physique et économique de l’U.R.S.S. Paris, 1946.Google Scholar
  24. Freund (H. A.), Russia from A to Z. Melbourne, 1946.Google Scholar
  25. George (P.), U.R.S.S. Paris, 1947.Google Scholar
  26. Gordon (Alban), Russian Civil War: A Sketch for a History. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  27. Gray (G. D. B.), Soviet Lands: the country, its people and their work. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  28. Gregory (James S.) and Shape (B. W.), The U.S.S.R.: A Geographical Survey. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  29. Grierson (P.), Books on Soviet Russia, 1917–1942. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  30. Hanisch (E.), Geschichte Russlands. 2 vols. Freiburg, 1940–41.Google Scholar
  31. Hindus (M.), Mother Russia. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  32. Howard (Alexander) and Newman (Ernest), Pictorial History of Russia from Runik to Stalin. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  33. Keeton (G. W.) and Schlesinger (R.), Russia and Her Western Neighbours. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  34. Kerner (R. J.), The Urge to the Sea: the course of Russian history, the rôle of rivers, portages, oslrogs, monasteries and furs. Berkeley (California), 1942.Google Scholar
  35. Kluchevsky (V. O.), A History of Russia (Translated from the Russian). 5 vols. London, 1911–31.Google Scholar
  36. Konovalov (Serge) (editor), Russo-Polish Relations. London, 3945.Google Scholar
  37. Kravchenko (V.), I Chose Freedom. The personal and political life of a Soviet official. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  38. Levin (Deana), Children in Soviet Russia. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  39. Marriott (Sir J.), Anglo-Russian Relations (1689–1943). London, 1944.Google Scholar
  40. Masaryk (Thomas G.), The Spirit of Russia. 2 vols. London, 1919.Google Scholar
  41. Maxwell (B. W.). The Soviet State. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  42. Maynard (J.), Russia in Flux. London, 1941.—The Russian Peasant: and Other Studies. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  43. Mazour (A. G.), An Outline of Modern Russian Historiography. Berkeley (California), 1939.Google Scholar
  44. Mikhaylov (N.), Soviet Geography. 2nd ed. London, 1937.—Land of the Soviets: a Handbook of the U.S.S.R. New York, 1939.Google Scholar
  45. Miliukov (Paul), Outlines of Russian Culture. 3 vols. Philadelphia, 1942.Google Scholar
  46. Mirsky (D. S.), Russia: A Social History. London, 1931.Google Scholar
  47. Molotov (V.). Soviet Peace Policy. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  48. Moore (Harriet L.), Soviet Far Eastern Policy, 1931–45. Princeton and Orford, 1946.Google Scholar
  49. Nicolsky (Boris), Le Peuple Russe. Sa carrière historique, 1862–1945. Neuchâtel, 1946.Google Scholar
  50. Owen (L. A.), The Russian Peasant Movement, 1906–17. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  51. Pares (Sir B.), A History of Russia. London, 1926.—My Russian Memoirs. London, 1931.—Russia and the Peace. New York, 1944.Google Scholar
  52. Petit (E.), Histoire de la Russie et de 1’U.R.S.S. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  53. Pokrovsky (M. N.), History of Russia. London, 1931.Google Scholar
  54. Polanyi (M.), The Contempt of Freedom. (The Russian Experiment and After.) London, 1941.Google Scholar
  55. Popov (N.), Outline History of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  56. Rollin (Henry), La Révolution Russe. 2 vols. Paris, 1931.Google Scholar
  57. Rysakoff (S.), National Policy of the Soviet Union. London, 1933.Google Scholar
  58. Sava (George), Russia Triumphant. The Story of the Russian People. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  59. Schlesinger (R.), The Spirit of Post-war Russia. Soviet Ideology, 1917–46. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  60. Segal (L.), The Conquest of the Arctic, London, 1939.—Russia. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  61. Sigales (Alexandre). Le Statut des Entreprises Gouvernementales en U.R.S.S. Paris, 1936.Google Scholar
  62. Simmons (E. J.) (editor), U.S.S.R. A Concise Handbook. New York, 1947.Google Scholar
  63. Sloan (Pat), Soviet Democracy. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  64. Smolka (H. P.), Forty Thousand Agairst the Arctic. Russia’s Polar Empire. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  65. Soloveytchik (George), Russia in Perspective. (‘Cross-Roads’ Series.) London, 1946.Google Scholar
  66. Stalin (J. V.), The Soviet Union and World Peace. New York, 1946.Google Scholar
  67. Strauss (E.), Soviet Russia. Anatomy of a Social History. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  68. Sumner (B, H.), A Survey of Russian History. 2nd ed. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  69. Taracouzio (T. A.), Soviets in the Arctic. London, 1939.—War and Peace in Soviet Diplomacy. New York, 1940.Google Scholar
  70. Terrell (R.), Soviet Understanding. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  71. Tiunov (V.) and Nazarovsky (B.), Zapadny Ural. Moscow, 1945.Google Scholar
  72. Towster (J.), Political Power in the U.S.S.R., 1917–47. Oxford, 1948.Google Scholar
  73. Treviranus (G. R.), Revolutions in Russia: Their Lessons for the Western World. New York, 1944.Google Scholar
  74. Tverskoi (K. N.), The Unified Transport System of the U.S.S.R. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  75. Vernadsky (G.), A History of Russia. Revised edition. London, 1945.—Political and Diplomatic History of Russia. Boston, 1936.—Ancient Russia. Yale and London, 1944.Google Scholar
  76. Victoroff-Toporoff (V.), Rossica et sovietica. Bibliographie des ouvrages parus en français de 1917 à 1930 inclus rélatifs à la Russie et à l’U.R.S.S. Saint Cloud, 1931.Google Scholar
  77. Vildrac (C.), Russie Neuve. Paris, 1937.Google Scholar
  78. Vyshinsky (A. Y.), The Teachings of Lenin and Stalin on Proletarian Revolution. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  79. Wallace (H.), Soviet Asia Mission. London, 1947.Google Scholar
  80. Webb (Sidney and Beatrice), Soviet Communism: A New Civilisation? 2 vols. New ed. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  81. For a list of books concerning the Russian Revolution, see THE STATESMAN’S YEAR-BOOK, 1930, pp. 1248-49.Google Scholar

Books of Reference

  1. L’Ukraine, Un aperçu sur son territoire, son peuple, ses conditions culturelles, ethnographiques, politiques et économiques, avec une carte. Berne, 1919.Google Scholar
  2. Allen (W. E. D.), The Ukraine: A History. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  3. Brégy (Pierrc) and Obolensky (Prince S.), The Ukraine: A Russian Land. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  4. Chamberlin (W. H.), The Ukraine. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  5. Doroshenko (D.), History of the Ukraine. 2nd ed. Edmonton (Alberta), 1941.Google Scholar
  6. Gershonov (M.), The Land Code of the Ukraine. 1926.Google Scholar
  7. Hrushevsky (M.), A History of the Ukraine. New Haven, 1941.Google Scholar
  8. Krupnycki (B.), Geschichte der Ukraine. Leipzig, 1939.Google Scholar
  9. Schmidt (A.), Ukraine: Land der Zukunft. Berlin, 1939.Google Scholar
  10. Shafarenko (I.). The Natural Resources of the Ukraine, London, 1920.Google Scholar
  11. Slavchenko, The Organization of the National Economy of the Ukraine. (Ukraine State Publishing Agency.) 1926.Google Scholar
  12. Sukhov (A.), The Economic Geography of the Ukraine. (Ukraine State Publishing Agency.) 1926.Google Scholar
  13. Voules (H. P.), Ukraine and its People. London, 1939.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Azerbaijan

  1. Baddeley (J. F.), The Rugged Flanks of Cancasus. 2 vols. Oxford, 1941.Google Scholar
  2. Dunstcrville (Haj.-Gen. L. C.), Adventures of the Dunsterforce. London, 1920.Google Scholar
  3. Henry (J. D.), Baku: An Eventful History. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  4. Tutaeff (D.), The Soviet Caucasus. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  5. Ziatkhan (Adil Khan), Aperçu sur l’histoire, la littérature et la politique de l’Azerbaijan. Baku, 1919.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Georgia

  1. Allen (W. E. D.), A History of the Georgian People. London, 1932.Google Scholar
  2. Avalishvili (Zourab), The Independence of Georgia in International Politics, 1918–21. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  3. Barbusse (H.), Voici ce qu on a fait de la Géorgie. Paris, 1929.Google Scholar
  4. Ghambashidze (D.), The Caucasus: Its People, History, etc. London, 1918.—Mineral Resources of Georgia and Caucasia. London, 1919.Google Scholar
  5. Khakhanoff (M.), Histoire de Géorgie. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  6. Luke (Sir Harry), More Moves on an Eastern Chequerboard. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  7. Tulaeff (D.), The Soviet Caucasus. London, 1942.Google Scholar

Books of Reference on Armenia

  1. Cambridge Mediaeval History. Vol. III. Armenia, by P. Macler (contains an historical bibliography).Google Scholar
  2. Morgan (Jacques de), Histoire du Peuple Arménien. Paris, 1919.Google Scholar
  3. Nansen (Fridtjof), Armenia and the Near East. London, 1928.Google Scholar
  4. Varandian (M.), Le Conflit Arméno-Georgien et la Guerre du Caucase. Paris, 1919.Google Scholar

Books of Reference on Transcaucasia

  1. Zumbadze, Constitution of the T.S.F.S.R. Tiflis, 1923.Google Scholar
  2. Lyaister and Chursin, A Geography of the Caucasus: The Country and its Peoples. Tiflis, 1924.Google Scholar
  3. Trans-Caucasia, A Statistical-Economic Compilation. Tiflis, 1925.Google Scholar
  4. Reference Book (lit. Spravochnik) for the T.S.F.S.R. Tiflis, 1926.Google Scholar
  5. ‘Collection of Materials for the Description of the Tribes and Localities of the Caucasus.’ (Tiflis. 45 vols. published between 1881 and 1915.)Google Scholar
  6. ‘Kavkazski Kalendar’ (published in Tiflis by the Caucasian Statistical Committee from 1873).Google Scholar
  7. Borodin (G.), Soviet and Tsarist Siberia. London, 1944.Google Scholar
  8. Budel (A.), Transkaukasien, eine technische Geographic Gotha, 1926.Google Scholar
  9. Buxton (Rev. Harold), Trans-Caucasia. London, 1926.Google Scholar
  10. Chesnais (P. G. de la), Les Peuples de la Trans-Caucasie. Paris, 1921.Google Scholar
  11. Ghambashidze (Dr. D.), Mineral Resources of Georgia and Caucasia. London, 1919.Google Scholar
  12. Luke (H. C.), Anatolica. London, 1924.Google Scholar
  13. Nansen (Fridtzof), Through the Caucasus to the Volga. London, 1931.Google Scholar
  14. Itadde (G.) (and others), Grundzüge der Pflanzenverbreitung in den Kaukasusländern, etc. 3 parts. Leipzig, 1899.Google Scholar
  15. Rikli (M.), Natur-und Kulturbilder aus den Kaukasusländern und Hocharmenien (von Teilnehmern der Schweizerischen naturwissenschaftlichen Studienreise, Sommer 1912). Zürich, 1914.Google Scholar
  16. Wartanoff (Boris), Der Kaukasus, Land des Reichtums und der Sagen. Berne, 1943.Google Scholar

Books of Reference on Estonia

  1. The Baltic States: … Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania. Prepared by the Information Department of the Royal Institute of International Affairs. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  2. Bouchman (N.), L’Esthonie, ses ports et ses chemins de fer. Tallinn, 1925.Google Scholar
  3. Davies (E. C.), A Wayfarer in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  4. Haltenberger (M.), Landeskunde von Eesti. Dorpat, 1926.—Die Baltischen Länder. Leipzig, 1929.Google Scholar
  5. Jackson (J.), Estonia. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  6. Kant (E.), Bevölkerung und Lebensraum Estlands. Tartu, 1935.Google Scholar
  7. Kruus (Prof. H.), Grundriss der Geschichte des Estnischen Volkes. Tartu, 1932. French edition, Paris, 1937.Google Scholar
  8. Luiga (G. E.) and Warep (A.), Die neue Agrarverfassung in Eesti. Tartu, 1924. Die neue Landordnung. Tartu, 1927.Google Scholar
  9. Meuvret (J.), Histoire des Pays Baltiques. Paris, 1934.Google Scholar
  10. Munthe (Kurt), Estland och Lettland. Stockholm, 1938.Google Scholar
  11. Newman (E. W. Polson), Britain and the Baltic. London, 1930.Google Scholar
  12. Newman (B.), Baltic Background. London, 1948.Google Scholar
  13. Pullerits (A.), Estonia, Population, Cultural and Economic Life. Tallinn, 1937.Google Scholar
  14. Seth (Ronald), Baltic corner: travel in Estonia. London, 1939.Google Scholar
  15. Spaull (H.). The Baltic States. London, 1931.Google Scholar
  16. Vitols (Dr. H.), La Mer Baltique et les Etats Baltes. Paris, 1935.Google Scholar
  17. Woods (E. G.), The Baltic Region: A Study in Physical and Human Geography. London, 1945.Google Scholar

Books of Reference on Latvia

  1. Statistical Annual of the Bureau of Statistics of the Latvian Republic. Riga, 1920–38.Google Scholar
  2. Balodis (F.) and Arends (P.), Lettland, Landschaft, Volksleben, Baukunst und Museen. Riga, 1938.Google Scholar
  3. Bilmanis (A.) Latviias Werdegang. 4th ed. Riga, 1934.Google Scholar
  4. Brenneisen (R.), Lettland: Das Werden und Wesen einer neuen Volkswirtschaft. Berlin, 1930.Google Scholar
  5. Chambon (H. de), Origines et histoire de la Lettonie. Paris, 1933.Google Scholar
  6. Miédan (F. R.), Comment on fait un Etat, Lettonie. Paris, 1938.Google Scholar
  7. Morein (J.), La Lettonie nouvelle. Riga, 1934.—Wirtschaft und Kultur der Baltischen Staaten. Riga, 1934.Google Scholar
  8. Skujenicks (M.), Atlas Statistique de la Lettonie. Riga, 1938.Google Scholar
  9. Spekke (A.) and others, Lettonia. Rome, 1939.Google Scholar
  10. Sväbe (Prof. A.), Agrarian History of Latvia. Riga, 1930.Google Scholar
  11. Vrch (R. O. G.), Latvia: Country and People. London, 1938.Google Scholar
  12. Zalts (A.), Latvian Political Economy. Riga, 1928.—Lettlands Wirtschaft und Wirtschaftspolitik. Riga, 1930.Google Scholar
  13. Zolmanis (E.), Latvia among the Baltic States. Riga, 1931.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Lithuania

  1. Statistikos Biuletenis (Statistical Bulletin) in Lithuanian and French, issued monthly by the Statistical Bureau (Ministry of Finance).Google Scholar
  2. Lietuvos Statistikos Metraštis (Lithuanian Statistical Year-Book) in Lithuanian and French, issued annually by the Statistical Bureau (Ministry of Finance).Google Scholar
  3. Bossin (A.), La Lithuanie. Paris, 1933.Google Scholar
  4. Chase (T. G.), The Story of Lithuania. New York, 1946.Google Scholar
  5. Harrison (E. J.), Lithuania. London, 1928.—Lithuania Past and Present. London. 1922.Google Scholar
  6. Jakulis (J.), La Lithuanie Restaurée. Louvain, 1932.Google Scholar
  7. Jungfer (V.), Litauen, Antlitz eines Volkes. Leipzig, 1938.Google Scholar
  8. Jurgéla (C. R.), History of the Lithuanian Nation. New York. 1918.Google Scholar
  9. Norem (J. C.), Timeless Lithuania. Chicago, 1943.Google Scholar
  10. Turehi (N.), La Lituania nella storia e nel presente. Rome, 1933.Google Scholar
  11. Vozka (J.), Litva. Prague, 1933.Google Scholar

Books of Reference concerning Central Asia

  1. Abdykalykox (M.), and Pankratova (A.)(editors), Istoriya Kazakhskoi S.S.R. Alma-ata, 1944.Google Scholar
  2. Bardie (V. M.), Tadzhikistan. Tashkent, 1940.Google Scholar
  3. Barthold (W.), The History of Turkestan (Russian). Tashkent, 1922.—Turkestan down to the Mongolian Invasion. London, 1928.Google Scholar
  4. Christie (Ella R.), Through Khiva to Golden Samarkand. London, 1925.Google Scholar
  5. Davies (R. A.) and Steiger (A. J.), Soviet Asia. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  6. Kunitz (J.), Dawn Over Samarakand. New York, 1936.Google Scholar
  7. Lobanov-Rostovsky (A.), Russia and Asia. New York and London, 1933.Google Scholar
  8. Steber (C.), L’Asie Centrale Soviétique et le Kazakhstan. Paris, 1939.Google Scholar
  9. Strong (A. L.), Bed Star in Samarkand. London, 1930.—The Road to the Grey Pamir. Boston, 1931.Google Scholar
  10. Material for the History of the Turkmens and Turkmenia. Publ. by the Academy of Sciences. 2 vols. Moscow, 1938–40. (In Russian.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1949

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations