Republica Italiana
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


On 10 June, 1946, Italy became a de facto republic on the announcement by the Court of Cassation, sitting in the Hall of the She Wolf at Montecitoria (seat of the Italian Parliament), that a majority of the voters at the special referendum held on 2 June had voted for a republic; 11 June (which was also the anniversary of the murder of Matteotti) was celebrated as a public holiday in honour of the republic. King Umberto II, who had agreed to abide by the results of the referendum, protested strongly against such an announcement being formally made when returns were admittedly incomplete, but he left the country for Portugal on 13 June in accordance with his pledge. The final figures, announced by the Court of Cassation on 18 June, showed :—For a republic, 12,717,923 (54–3% of the valid votes cast, which numbered 23,437,207) ; for the retention of the monarchy, 10,719,284 (45–7%); invalid papers, 1,498,136. Total vote was 24,888,035 or 88–8% of the registered electors, who numbered 29,021,144. Voting was compulsory, open to both men and women 21 years of age or older, and included specifically the members of the Civil Service and the armed forces ; active Fascists and a few other categories were excluded from registration.


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Books of Reference

Books of Reference concerning Italy: 1. Official Publications

  1. The Annuario Statìstico Italiano (Annual), the Compendio Statistico Italiano (Annual) and Bollettino mensile di Statistica (Monthly), issued by the Istituto Centrale di Statistica, gives statistical information about Italy and her colonies. Publication of the last-named, suspended in August, 1943, was resumed in September, 1945.Google Scholar
  2. The publication of the various Departments of Government; Agriculture and Forestry; Public “Works; Finance; War; Marine; Aeronautics; Interior; National Education and Enlightenment; Justice; Foreign Affairs ; Communications; Corporations; Italian Africa, Trade and International Payments.Google Scholar
  3. Census publications and electoral returns are issued by the Istituto Coat-rale di Statistica.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications.—Italy

  1. Touring Club Italiano. Milan. Publishes reliable guide books to Italy ; sheet road maps and automobile maps.Google Scholar
  2. Enciclopedia Italiana. Rome, 1937.Google Scholar
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  4. — Rome and Central Italy. 16th ed., 1930.Google Scholar
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  53. Sforza (Count Carlo), Les Italiens Tels Qu’ils Sont. Montreal, 1941.Google Scholar
  54. — Contemporary Italy : Its Intellectual and Moral Origins. New York, 1944.Google Scholar
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  59. — Italy and the New World Order. (‘Cross Roads’ Series.) London, 1944,—Italy and the Coming World. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
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  61. Trevelyan (Janet P.), A Short History of the Italian People. 3rd ed. London, 1929.Google Scholar
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Former Colonies

  1. Annuario della Colonie. (Istituto Coloniale Italiano.) Rome. Annual.Google Scholar
  2. Touring Club Italiano : Guida dei Possedimenti e Colonie. Milan, 1929.Google Scholar
  3. Guida dell’ Africa Orientale Italiana. Milan, 1938.Google Scholar
  4. The Italian Colonial Empire, with Chapters on the Dodecanese and Albania. (The Royal Institute of International Affairs.) London, 1940.Google Scholar
  5. Bollati (General Ambrogio), Somalia Italiana. Rome, 1937.Google Scholar
  6. Cesari (Cesare), La Somalia Italiana. Rome, 1935.Google Scholar
  7. Giasca (Raffaele), Storia coloniale dell’Italia contemporanea. 2nd ed. Milan, 1940.Google Scholar
  8. Cucinotta (E.), Diritto coloniale italiano. Rome, 1933.Google Scholar
  9. — Piccola Guida Bibliografica delle piū recenti pubblicazioni sulle Colonie Italiane. Rome, 1928.Google Scholar
  10. Gaibi (M. A.), Storia delle colonie italiane, sintesi politico-militare. Turin, 1935.Google Scholar
  11. Gattucci (S.), La Somalia Italiana. Milan, 1936.Google Scholar
  12. Longrigg (S. H.), A Short History of Eritrea. London, 1945.Google Scholar
  13. Mondami (G.), Manuale di Storia e Legislazione Coloniale del Regno d’Italia. Parte I. Storia Coloniale. Rome, 1927.Google Scholar
  14. Piccioli (Angelo), La Nuova Italia D’oltre Mare. 2 vols. Milan, 1934.Google Scholar
  15. Pollera (A.), Le Popolazioni Indigene Dell’Eritrea. Bologna, 1935.Google Scholar
  16. Salis (R.), Storia Politica Coloniale Italiana, 1869–1937. Milan, 1938.Google Scholar
  17. Sillani (T.), L’Africa Orientale Italiana. Rome, 1933.Google Scholar


  1. Annuario Generale di Tripoli e della Tripolitania. Tripoli, 1932.Google Scholar
  2. Campbell (Dugald), Camels through Libya : A Desert Adventure from the Fringes of the Sahara to the Oases of Upper Egypt. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  3. Casserly (G.), Tripolitania. London, 1943.Google Scholar
  4. Ceccherini (Ugo), Bibliografia della Libia. Rome, 1915.Google Scholar
  5. Despois (J.), Le Djebel Nefousa. Paris, 1935.Google Scholar
  6. — La colonisation italienne en Lybie. Problèms et méthodes. Paris, 1935.Google Scholar
  7. Férand (L. C.), Annales tripolitaines. Tunis, 1927.Google Scholar
  8. Gabelli (O.), La Tripolitania dalla fine della Guerra Mondiale All’avento del Fascismo. Vol. I. Intra, 1937.Google Scholar
  9. Graziana (R.), Cirenaica Pacificata. Milan, 1932.Google Scholar
  10. Holmboe (K.), Desert Encounter : An Adventurous Journey through Italian Africa. London, 1936.Google Scholar
  11. Lauro (Raffaele di), Tripolitania. Naples, 1932.Google Scholar
  12. Moore (Martin), Fourth Shore : Italy’s Mass Colonization of Libya. London, 1940.Google Scholar
  13. Morgantini (A. M.), La Libia Occidentale nei suoi Principali Aspetti Economico-statistici nel Quinquennio, 1931–35. Tripoli, 1938.Google Scholar
  14. Piccioli (Augelo), The Magic Gate of the Sahara. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  15. Schmieder (O.) and Wilhelmey (H.), Die faschistische Kolonisation in Nordafrika. Leipzig,Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1947

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

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