Advertisement

Hungary

Kingdom of Hungary
  • M. Epstein
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

Hungary first became an independent kingdom in 1001. The first written systematic and fundamental document of the Constitution is the ‘ Golden Bull,’ issued in 1222. On October 31, 1918, a revolution broke out in Hungary with the object of establishing a Republic. On November 13 King Charles issued a letter of abdication, and on November 16, 1918, Hungary was proclaimed an independent Republic (Hungarian People’s Republic), of which Count Michael Karolyi became Provisional President. The two Houses of the Legislature were abolished, and their place taken by a Provisional National Council. The Karolyi regime continued until March 21, 1919, when its place was taken by a Soviet Government, which proclaimed the dictatorship of the proletariat. An opposition Government was, however, soon set up at Arad and Szeged, and on August 7, 1919, a National Government was again in the capital. Elections were held on the basis of universal suffrage in January and February, 1920, and the new Parliament considered the period of the revolutions of 1918 and 1919 as de jure a blank space of time, and resolved that the old monarchical constitution should be continued. Hungary was thus considered a monarchy with a vacant throne, the functions of the monarch being exercised by a Regent. Act XLVII of 1921 postponed the accession to the throne to a later convenient period. In accordance with a law passed on July 17, 1933, the Regent has the power to prorogue or dissolve Parliament.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

1. Official Publications

  1. Annuaire Statistique Hongrois. Budapest. Annual.Google Scholar
  2. Revue Hongroise de Statistique. Budapest Monthly.Google Scholar
  3. Hungary before and after the War in Economic-Statistical Maps. Published by the Institute of Political Sciences of the Hungarian Statistical Society. Budapest, 1926.Google Scholar
  4. Dictionnaire des communes de la Hongrie, 1937. Budapest.Google Scholar
  5. Department of Overseas Trade Reports. London. Annual.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Recueil des traités de la Hongrie avec les puissances étrangères. 1. Catalogue des traités de la Hongrie 973–1526. Budapest, 1921.Google Scholar
  2. Bibliographia Hungarise. (Vol. 2 contains lists of books on politics and economics published in non-Hungarian languages, between 1861 and 1921.) Berlin, 1926.Google Scholar
  3. Journal de la Soeiété Hongroise de Statistique. Budapest. (Since 1923. Quarterly.)Google Scholar
  4. A magyar kereskedelmi es iparkamaràk keletkezésének, fejlodésének es müködésének torténete, 1850–1896. I. Budapest, 1896. (History of the Chambers of Commerce and of Industry of Hungary.)Google Scholar
  5. Baedeker’s Wien und Budapest. Leipzig, 1931.Google Scholar
  6. Andrássy (Count J.), The Compromise of 1867. (In Hungarian.) Budapest, 1896.Google Scholar
  7. — The Causes of the Maintenance and of the Constitutional Libertyof the Hungarian State. (In Hungarian.) Budapest, 1901.Google Scholar
  8. —The Development of Hungarian Constitutional Liberty. London, 1908.Google Scholar
  9. Barcza (Imre), Bibliographia juris electionis Hungaricse. (In Hungarian.) Budapest, 1912.Google Scholar
  10. — Bibliographia Emigrations Hungaricse. Budapest, 1908.Google Scholar
  11. —Bibliography on the Hungarian Bank Question. (In Hungarian.) Budapest, 1911.Google Scholar
  12. Buday (Ladislas), La Hongrie après le Traité de Trianon. Budapest, 1922. (English Translation), London, 1923.—Travel through Hungary. Budapest, 1925.Google Scholar
  13. Cholnoky (J.), Hazánk és népünk egy ezredéven át : a Magyarsâg hajdan es most [Our home and people through a millenium : Magyardom in ancient times and now.] Budapest, 1937.Google Scholar
  14. Csekey (S.), Ungarns Staatsrecht nach dem Weltkrieg. Tübingen, 1926.Google Scholar
  15. Csekonics (E.), Hungary New and Old. Budapest, 1926.Google Scholar
  16. Delattre (P.), Nos Amis les Hongrois. Paris, 1935.Google Scholar
  17. Bomanovszky (A.), Geschichte Ungarns. München, 1923.Google Scholar
  18. Eckkart (F.), Introduction à l’Histoire Hongroise. Paris, 1928.Google Scholar
  19. — A Short History of the Hungarian People. London, 1931.Google Scholar
  20. Faluhelyi (F.), Lerôle et la destination culturelle de la Hongrie en Europe. Budapest, 1928.Google Scholar
  21. Gratz (Gustav), The Hungarian Economie Year Book, 1939. Budapest. Annual.Google Scholar
  22. Grunwald (C. de), Portrait de la Hongrie. Paris, 1939.Google Scholar
  23. Halász (A.), New Central Europe in Economic Maps. Budapest, 1928.Google Scholar
  24. Hantos (G.), Administrative Boundaries and the Rationalisation of the Public Administration. [Joint Publication of the Hungarian Institute of Public Administration and of the Geographical Institute of the Budapest Faculty of Economics.] Budapest, 1932.Google Scholar
  25. Hengenmüller (Baron Ladislas), Hungary’s Fight for National Existence (Rising 1703–1711). London, 1913.Google Scholar
  26. Holland (C.ive), Hungary : the land and its people. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  27. Homan-Szekfü, Magyar történet. Hungarian History. 8 vols. Budapest, 1932–1934.Google Scholar
  28. Horváth (E.), Modern Hungary, 1660–1920. Cambridge, 1923.Google Scholar
  29. Kemèny (Leopold-Vágó), Die Volkswirtschait Ungarns. Budapest. Annual.Google Scholar
  30. Knatchbull-Hugessen (Hon, O. M.), The Political Evolution of the Hungarian Nation. London, 1908.Google Scholar
  31. Lóezy (Louis), A Geographical, Economic and Social Survey of Hungary. (Translation.) Budapest, 1919.Google Scholar
  32. Macartney (O. A ), Hungary (The Modern World Serie. London, 1934 —Hungary and Her Successors : The Treaty of Trianon and its Consequences, 1919–1937. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  33. Matolcsy (M.), Uj élet a Magyar Földön. Budapest, 1938.Google Scholar
  34. Matolcsy (M.) and Varga (S.), The National Income of Hungary, 1924/25–1936/37. London, 1938.Google Scholar
  35. Migliorini (E.), L’Ungheria. Rome, 1933.Google Scholar
  36. Mitsakis (Michel), Le relèvement financier de la Hongrie et la Société des Nations. Paris, 1926.Google Scholar
  37. Morris (E. K.), Hungary. London, 1931.Google Scholar
  38. Nagy (Al. de), Pénzugyi Compass (Financial Directory for Hungary). Annual.Google Scholar
  39. Papp (J. V.), and Erdélyi (J.), Les Magyars peints par eux-mêmes. Paris, 1919.Google Scholar
  40. Paumes (E.), Arpad Blessé, ou La Hongrie Nouvelle. Paris, 1933.Google Scholar
  41. Sayous (E.), Histoire Générale des Hongrois.—Ouvrage couronné par l’Académie française. 2nd éd. Paris, 1900.Google Scholar
  42. Street (C. J. C), Hungary and Democracy. London, 1923.Google Scholar
  43. Szekfä (J.), Der Staat Ungarn, eine Geschichtsstudie. Stuttgart, 1918.Google Scholar
  44. Sziklay (T.) and Borovszky (S.), Magyarorszâg vârmegyéi es vàrosai. (The Counties and Towns of Hungary. Monographs.) (In Hungarian.) Budapest.Google Scholar
  45. Szilágyi (Alex.), A magyar nernzet története (History of Hungary). 10 vols. Buda pest, 1896–1898.Google Scholar
  46. Tabori (P.), The Real Hungarv London, 1939.Google Scholar
  47. Teleki (Count Paul), The Evolution of Hungary and its place in European History . Eight lectures delivered at Williamstown, Mass. New York, 1923.Google Scholar
  48. Tisseyre (Charles), La Hongrie mutilée. 2 ed. Paris, 1923.Google Scholar
  49. Tornyay (G. H. von), Die Bodenreform und ihre Wirkung auf die Entwicklung der ungarischen Landwirtschaft. Budapest, 1926.Google Scholar
  50. Vámbéry (A.), Der Ursprung der Magyaren. Leipzig, 1882.Google Scholar
  51. — Hungary. In ‘Story of the Nations ‘ Series. London, 1887.Google Scholar
  52. Winkler (Arno), Ungaris Lsndwirtschafis Geographische Gestaltung. Berlin, 1938.Google Scholar
  53. Yolland (A. B.), Hungary. (The Nations’ History Series.) London, 1917.Google Scholar
  54. Zarek (Otto), The History of Hungary. London, 1939.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1940

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Epstein

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations