The Republic of Haiti, formerly a French colony, was proclaimed independent January 1, 1804, and is now governed under a Constitution ratified on June 12, 1918. Pending the creation of a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies, the legislative and executive power are exercised by a Council of State composed of twenty-one members appointed by the President, and holding office during his pleasure. The President is elected by the Council of State for a period of four years.
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