República Mexicana
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


MEXICO was annexed to the Spanish Crown by conquest in 1521, and for three centuries continued to be governed by Spain. In 1810 the rule of the Spanish Viceroys had become so tyrannical that it caused an outbreak headed by the patriot priest Hidalgo, who on September 15, 1810, declared the Independence of Mexico. In 1821 General Augustin Iturbide declared himself Emperor of Mexico, but in 1824 he had to flee, and the Republic was established. Several Presidents ruled the destinies of the country with more or less severity until 1864, when the throne of Mexico was offered to Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria. He was shot in 1867, and Juarez, who had been President in the northern part of the country, took the reins of government. He was followed by Lerdo de Tigada, who in 1876 fled, and General Porfirio Diaz made his entry into Mexico City. He has ruled the country with the exception of four years (1880–4, General Manuel Gonzalez) until May, 1911, when he presented his resignation to Congress. Señor F. de la Barra acted as President ad interim until the elections had taken place. Señor Francisco I. Madero assumed office as President on November 6, 1911, and ruled until February, 1913, when a coup d’etat took place, resulting in the President’s murder (February 23, 1913) and his replacement by General Victoriano Huerta.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Mexico

1. Official Publications

  1. The publications issued by the various departments of government.Google Scholar
  2. Les Etats Unis Mexicains: Leurs Ressources, &c. Par R. de Zayas Enriquez. Mexico, 1809.Google Scholar
  3. Memoria del Secretario del despacho de Fomento, &c. Annual. Mexico.Google Scholar
  4. Mexico: Its Social Evolution. By various writers, 3 vols. Mexico, 1900–04.Google Scholar
  5. Mexico: A Geographical Sketch. Bureau of American Republics. Washington, 1904.Google Scholar
  6. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series and Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar
  7. The Mexican Year-Book. London, annual.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Boletin de la sociedad de geografia y estadistica de la República Mexicana. MexicoGoogle Scholar
  2. Baedeker’s United States with an Excursion into Mexico. 4th ed, Leipzig, 1908.Google Scholar
  3. Bancroft (H. H.), A Popular History of the Mexican People. London.—Resources and Development of Mexico. San Francisco, 1894.Google Scholar
  4. Bonaparte (Prince Roland), and others, Le Mexique au Début du. XXe Siècle. Paris, 1904.Google Scholar
  5. Burke (U. R.), Life of Benito Juarez. London, 1894.Google Scholar
  6. Campbell (Rean), Complete Guide and Descriptive Book of Mexico. Chicago, 1904.Google Scholar
  7. El economista Mexicano, weekly. Mexico.Google Scholar
  8. Enoch (C. R.). Mexico. London, 1909.Google Scholar
  9. Enriquez (R. de Zayas), Los Estados Unidos Mexicanoe, 1877–97. New York, 1899.Google Scholar
  10. Flint (H. M.), Mexico under Maximilian. Philadelphia, 1867.Google Scholar
  11. George (P.), Das heutige Mexico und Seine Kulturfortschritte. Jena, 1900.Google Scholar
  12. Gillpatrick (W.), Wanderings in Mexico. London, 1912.Google Scholar
  13. La Bédolliere (mile G. de), Histoire de la guerre du Mexique, Paris, 1866.Google Scholar
  14. Lovet (Ernest), L’Expédition du Mexique (1861–67). 2 vols. Paris, 1906.Google Scholar
  15. Lumholtz (C.), Unknown Mexico. London, 1903.—New Trails in Mexico. London, 1912.Google Scholar
  16. Martin (P. F.), Maxico of the Twentieth Century. 2 vols. London, 1907.—Mexico’s Treasure House. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  17. Mosee (B.), Constitution of the United States of Mexico. Philadelphia, 1899.Google Scholar
  18. Périgny (Cte. M. de), Les Etats-unis du Mexique. Paris, 1912.Google Scholar
  19. Pimentel (F.), Obras Completas [on Peoples, Languages, Literature, &c. of Mexico, vols. Mexico, 1903–04.Google Scholar
  20. Prescott (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Mexico London.Google Scholar
  21. Schiess (W.), Quer durch Mexico. Berlin, 1902.Google Scholar
  22. Sierra (J.), Mexico: Its Social Evolution. 3 vols. [Eng. Trans.]. Mexico, 1905.Google Scholar
  23. Southworth (J. R.), The Mines of Mexico. 9 vols. Mexico, 1905.—El Territorio de Baja California. [In Spanish and English.] San Francisco, 1899.Google Scholar
  24. Terry (P.), Mexico. London, 1911.Google Scholar
  25. Tweedie (Mrs. A.), Mexico as I saw it. London, 1901.—Porfirio Diaz, London, 1906.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1913

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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