Etados Unidos de Venezuela
  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Venezuela was formed in 1830, by secession from the other members of the Free State founded by Simon Bolivar within the limits of the Spanish colony of New Granada, The charter of fundamental laws actually in force, dating from 1830, and re-proclaimed, with alterations, on March 28, 1864, and April 1881, is designed on the model of the Constitution of the United States of America, but with considerably more independence secured to provincial and local government. At the head of the central executive government is the President, elected for the term of two years, exercising his functions through six ministers, and a Federal Council of 19 members. The Federal Council is appointed by the Congress every two years; the Council from its own members, choose a President, who is also President of the Republic. Neither the President nor members of the Federal Council can be re-elected for the following period. The President has no veto power. The legislation for the whole Republic is vested in a Congress of two Houses, called the Senate (three senators for each of the eight States and the Federal District), and the House of Representatives (one to every 35,000 of population). The Senators are elected for 6 years by the Legislature of each State, and the Representatives for a like period by ‘popular, direct, and public election.’ The Congresses of States are elected by universal suffrage. There are 40 Senators and 52 Representatives. In May, 1904, a new Constitution, the 15th since the creation of the Republic, was promulgated. It contains important articles respecting the rights of foreigners in Venezuela.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference Concerning Venezuela

1. Official Publications

  1. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries. 4. London.Google Scholar
  2. Respecting the Question of the Boundary of British Guiana and Venezuela: Correspondence between the Governments of Great Britain and the United States with respect to Proposals for Arbitration (United States, No. 2, 1896); Documents and Correspondence (Venezuela, No. 1, 1896); Maps to accompany Documents (Venezuela, No. 1, 1896, Appendix No. III.); Errata in “Venezuela No. I.” (Venezuela, No. 2, 1896); Further Documents (Venezuela, No. 3, 1896); Case on the Part of British Government (Venezuela, No. 1, 1899); Counter-case on the Part of British Government (Venezuela. No. 2, 1899); Argument on the Part of British Government (Venezuela, No. 3, 1899); Case. Counter-case, and Argument on the Part of Venezuela (Venezuela, Nos. 4, 5, and 6, 1899); Award of the Tribunal of Arbitration (Venezuela, No. 7, 1899). London, 1896 and 1899.Google Scholar
  3. Commercial Relations of the United States. Vol. I. Washington, 1900.Google Scholar
  4. Deutsches Handels-Archiv for September, October, and December, 1900, and January, 1901. Berlin.Google Scholar
  5. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series. 8. London.Google Scholar
  6. Statistical Annuary of the United States of Venezuela. Carácas, 1896.Google Scholar
  7. Venezuela Bulletin No. 34 of the Bureau of American Republics. Washington, 1904.Google Scholar

2 Non-Official Publications

  1. André (E.), A Naturalist in the Guianas, London, 1904Google Scholar
  2. Appun (C. F.), Unter den Tropen. Vol. I. Venezuela. 8. Jena, 1871.Google Scholar
  3. Bates (H. W.), Central and South America. London, 1882.Google Scholar
  4. Constitution of the United States of Venezuela (1893). Caraccas, 1898.Google Scholar
  5. Curtis (W. E.), Venezuela. 8. London, 1896.Google Scholar
  6. Dance (C. D.), Four Years in Venezuela. 8. London, 1876.Google Scholar
  7. Davies (R. H.), Three Gringos in Venezuela and Central America. 8. London, 1896.Google Scholar
  8. Dawson (T. C.), The South American Republics. Part II. New York, 1905.Google Scholar
  9. Ernst (Dr. A.), Les produits de Vénézuela. 8. Bremen, 1874.Google Scholar
  10. Macpherson (T. A.), Vocabulario historico, geographico, &c., del Estado Carabobo. 2 pts. Carácas, 1890–91. Dieeionario historico, geographico, estadisrico, &c., del Estado Miranda. 8. Carácas. 1891.Google Scholar
  11. Meulemans (Auguste), La république de Vénézuela. 8. Bruxelles, 1872.Google Scholar
  12. Mombello (G. Orsi de), Venezuela y sus Riquezas. 8. Carácas, 1890.Google Scholar
  13. Report of Council of Corporation of Foreign Bondholders. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  14. Scruggs (W. L.), The Colombian and Venezuelan Republics. Boston, Mass., 1900.Google Scholar
  15. Scruggs (W. L.) and Storrow (J. J.), The Brief for Venezuela. [Boundary dispute.] London, 1896.Google Scholar
  16. Spence (J. M.), The Land of Bolivar: Adventures in Vénézuela. 2 vols. 8. London, 1878.Google Scholar
  17. Strickland (J.), Documents and Maps of the Boundary Question between Venezuela and British Guiana. London, 1896.Google Scholar
  18. Thirion (C.), Les États-Unis de Venezuela. 8. Paris, 1867.Google Scholar
  19. Tejera (Miguel), Venezuela pintoresca é ilustrada. 8. Paris, 1875.Google Scholar
  20. Tejera (Miguel), Mapa fisico y politico de los Estados Unidos de Venezuela. Paris, 1877.Google Scholar
  21. Three Gringos in Venezuela and Central America. London.Google Scholar
  22. Triana (S. P.), Down the Orinoco in a Canoe. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  23. Wood (W. E.), Venezuela: Two Years on the Spanish Main. London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1905

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

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