• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Haiti, formerly a French colony, was proclaimed independent January 1, 1804, and is now governed under a Constitution proclaimed June 14, 1867. The legislative power rests in a National Assembly, divided into two chambel’s, respectively called the Senate and the House of Representatives. The latter is elected by the direct vote of all male citizens engaged in some occupation, for the term of three years; while the members of the Senate (39 in number) are nominated for six years by the House of Representatives from two lists presented by the Executive and the Electoral Colleges; one-third retire every two years. Members of both houses are paid, representatives and senators by the month (150 dollars) during session. The executive power is in the hands of a President who, according to the Constitution, must be elected by the people, but in recent years has generally been chosen by the United Senate and House of Representatives, sitting in National Assembly, and in some instances by the troops, and by delegates of parties acting as representatives of the people. The nominal term of office of the President is seven years; it is generally cut short, however by insurrections.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Haiti

1. Official Publications

  1. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. Imp. 4. London.Google Scholar
  2. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  3. Haiti. Bulletin No. 62 of the Bureau of the American Republics. Washington, 1892.Google Scholar
  4. Reports on Trade and Shipping of Haiti, in ‘Deutsches Handels-Archiv,’ for May, August, and November, 1897. Berlin.Google Scholar
  5. United States Consular Reports for April, August, and September, 1898. Washington.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Ardouin (Beaubrun), Etudes sur l’histoire de Haït. 10 vols. Paris, 1853–61.Google Scholar
  2. Bonneau (Alex.), Haïti, ses progrès, son avenir. 8. Paris. 1862.Google Scholar
  3. Fortunat (Dantès), Nouvelle géographie de l’île de Haiti. Port-au-Prince, 1888.Google Scholar
  4. Handelmann (J.), Geschichte von Haiti. 8. Kiel, 1856.Google Scholar
  5. Hazard (Samuel), Santo Domingo, Past and Present; with a glance at Haiti. London, 1873.Google Scholar
  6. Janvier (L. J.), Les Constitutions d’Haïti (1801–1885). Paris, 1886. La Republique d’Haiti, 1840–82. Paris, 1883.Google Scholar
  7. Justin (J.), Etude sur les Institutions Haïtiennes. Paris, 1894.Google Scholar
  8. Madiou (N.), Histoire de Haiti. 3 vols. 8. Port-au-Prince, 1847.Google Scholar
  9. Nau (K.), Histoire des Caziques de Haiti. 8. Port-au-Prince, 1855.Google Scholar
  10. St. John (Sir Spenser), Haiti, or the Black Republic. 2nd ed. London, 1889Google Scholar
  11. Tippenhauer (L. Gentil), Die Insel Haïti. 2 vols. Leipzig, 1893Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1899

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
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    • 10
    • 11
  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societies of ParisBerlinGermany
  3. 3.The Geographical Societies of ParisRomeItaly
  4. 4.The Geographical Societies of ParisLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.The Geographical Societies of ParisAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.The Geographical Societies of ParisBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.The Geographical Societies of ParisBuda-PestHungary
  8. 8.The Geographical Societies of ParisGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.The Geographical Societies of ParisNeuchatelSwitzerland
  10. 10.The Geographical Societies of ParisPhiladelphiaUSA
  11. 11.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

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