Algeria, the largest and most important of the colonial possessions of France, was entirely under military rule till the year 1871, when, after the extinction of a widespread rebellion among the natives, various reforms, tending to organised civil administration, were introduced by the French government. In place of the former military governor, a civil Governor-General at present administers the government of the colony, directing the action of both the civil and military authorities. But the new civil government extends only over the settled districts, and the territory of the Sahara and adjoining districts, inhabited chiefly by nomade tribes, remain under exclusively military rule. The country under civil government is divided into three provinces, Algiers, Constantine, and Oran, which are subdivided into twelve departments, at the head of which is a Prefect.
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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Natal.
1. Official Publications.
- Report from Lieutenant-Governor Keatc, on the Trade and General Condition of Natal, dated Natal, March 8, 1872; in ‘Reports on the Present State of Her Majesty’s Colonial Possessions.’ Part III. 8. London, 1872.Google Scholar
- Statistics of Natal; in ‘Statistical Abstract for the several Colonial and other Possessions of the United Kingdom in each year from 1859 to 1873.’ No. XI 8. London, 1875.Google Scholar
- Trade of Natal with Great Britain; in ‘Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions in the year 1874.’ Imp. 4. London, 1875.Google Scholar
2. Non-Official Publications.
- Dunn (E. J.), Notes on the Diamond Fields. 8. Cape Town, 1871.Google Scholar
- Elton (Capt.), Special Reports upon the Gold Field at Marabastadt and upon the Transvaal Republic, with full Description of Routes. 8. Durban, 1872.Google Scholar
- Fritsch (Dr. G.), Drei Jahre in Süd-Afrika. 8. Breslau, 1868.Google Scholar
- Fritsch (Dr. Gust.), Die Eingeborenen Süd-Afrika’s ethnographisch und anatomisch beschrieben. 4. Breslau, 1872.Google Scholar
- Hall (H.), Manual of South African Geography. 8. Capetown, 1866.Google Scholar
- Mann (Dr. H.), Statistical Notes regarding the Colony of Natal. In ‘Journal of the Statistical Society of London.’ Vol, XXX. 1. London, 1869.Google Scholar
- Mcidinger (H.),Die südafrikanischen Colonien Englands und die Freistaaten der holländischen Boeren in ihren jetzigen Zuständen. 8. Frankfurt a. M. 1861.Google Scholar
- Payton (Ch. A.), The Diamond Diggings of South Africa. 8. London, 1872.Google Scholar
- Natal Almanack, Directory, and Yearly Register. Pietermaritzburg, 1873.Google Scholar
- Robinson (John F.R.G.S.), Notes on Natal. 8. Durban, 1872.Google Scholar
- Steinbank (H. E.), Coffee in Natal. 12. London, 1874.Google Scholar