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Responses: Public and Private

  • Gerard Braunthal
Part of the New Perspectives in German Political Studies book series (NPG)

Abstract

This chapter covers the array of public and private responses to the right-extremist scene since Germany’s unification in 1990. In the public sector the federal, Länder, and local governments have sought to stem the violence with varying degrees of success. The chapter first describes the legal system that provides guidance to judges who must deal with breaches of the law. Second, the role of the police in maintaining law and order is discussed. Third, the anti-rightist policies devised by the top government officials are assessed. What has been their response to the anti-democratic statements of the right-extremist parties and to the violent acts committed by the neo-Nazi groups and the skinheads? What kind of moral and financial support have the federal, Länder, and local governments given the numerous civic initiative groups, youth leaders, social workers, teachers, religious leaders, and union and business officials in their struggle against neo-Nazism? How effective have the programs initiated by public and private groups been? Have the groups succeeded in producing a more democratic climate in the German polity? Have the degree of violence and the number of neo-Nazis and skinheads decreased as a result of a multitude of public and private initiatives?

Keywords

Social Worker Asylum Seeker Hate Crime Crisis Intervention Team Holocaust Denial 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 7.
    Dina Porat, Roni Stauber, and Raphael Vago, eds, Anti-Semitism Worldwide 1995/6 (Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 1996), 56–57.Google Scholar
  2. 9.
    Klaus Breymann, “Gewalttaten rechtsorientierter Skinheads in Deutschland,” in Rechtsradikale Gewalt im vereinigten Deutschland: Jugend im gesellschaftlichen Umbruch, ed. Hans-Uwe Otto and Roland Merten (Opladen: Leske & Budrich, 1993), 299–300.Google Scholar
  3. 12.
    Ingo Hasselbach and Winfried Bonengel, Die Abrechnung: Ein Neonazi steigt aus (Berlin: Aufbau, 1993), 113.Google Scholar
  4. 15.
    Cited by Rand C. Lewis, A Nazi Legacy: Right-Wing Extremism in Postwar Germany (New York: Praeger, 1991), 84.Google Scholar
  5. 31.
    Peter O’Brien, Beyond the Swastika (London: Routledge, 1996), 71.Google Scholar
  6. Brett Klopp, German Multiculturalism: Immigration Integration and the Transformation of Citizenship (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002).Google Scholar
  7. 48.
    Anja Weusthoff and Rainer Zeimentz, eds, Aufsteh’n: Aktionen Gegen Rechts: Ein Handbuch. 2nd rev. edn (Bonn: Vorwärts, 1994), 19–35.Google Scholar
  8. 78.
    See Ingo Hasselbach and Tom Reiss, Führer Ex: Memoirs of a Former Neo-Nazi (New York: Random House, 1996).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Gerard Braunthal 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gerard Braunthal
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Massachusetts AmherstUSA

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