Rosenstraße: A Complex Site of German-Jewish Memory
This chapter examines the memorialization of the Rosenstraße Protest in Berlin. The protest began at the end of February 1943 in response to the arrest and feared deportation of intermarried Jewish Germans and, in some cases, their children, socalled Mischlinge, arrested during the nationwide ‘Factory Action’ (Fabrik-Aktion). Although officially exempt from deportation, approximately 1500 Jewish Germans were detained in the former Jewish Community Building on Rosenstraße. Over the next few days, many of the non-Jewish partners, predominantly women, gathered in protest on the street outside. All but 25 of the detainees were released approximately one week later. However, the reason for their arrest and the cause of their eventual release remains disputed. While many such ambiguities still exist, what is not in dispute is that the protest was a notable act of civic courage that was largely ignored in both the FRG and GDR, and rightly deserves attention in the Berlin Republic.
KeywordsDiary Entry Nazi Regime Temporary Exhibition Transit Camp Resistance Narrative
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