Memorialization of Perpetrator Sites in Bavaria

  • Markus Urban


Today when speaking about authentic places connected with the National Socialist dictatorship, a clear distinction tends to be made between memorial and perpetrator sites. The former refers to places where the regime’s victims suffered and died; the latter includes locations where crimes were ideologically prepared, plans were developed, or orders were issued. Not all scholars agree with this distinction; it could be objected, for instance, that at a site now commemorating victims, perpetrators were also present, and indeed in many cases we find evidence for both types of classification. Furthermore, Ernst Piper has argued that, technically, a third category should be added, designating places of National Socialist self-representation.1 The former Party Rally Grounds (Reichsparteitagsgelände) in Nuremberg or the Wewelsburg near Paderborn (analysed in this volume by Caroline Pearce) would fit into this third category.


City Council Documentation Centre Roman Ruin Fortieth Anniversary Permanent Exhibition 
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  1. 9.
    S. Macdonald, ‘Mediating Heritage: Tour Guides at the Former Nazi Party Rally Grounds, Nuremberg’, Tourist Studies 6(2006), 119–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Markus Urban 2010

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  • Markus Urban

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