What Have Bees, Macaque Monkeys and Humans Got in Common? Embodied Cognition, Gesture and Second Language Learning
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The honey bee first walks straight ahead, vigorously shaking its abdomen and producing a buzzing sound with the beat of its wings. The distance and speed of this movement communicates the distance of the foraging site to the others. Communicating direction becomes more complex, as the dancing bee aligns her body in the direction of the food, relative to the sun. The entire dance pattern is a figure-eight, with the bee repeating the straight portion of the movement each time it circles to the center again.
KeywordsLanguage Learning Target Language Epistemic Modality Iconic Gesture Cognitive Linguistic
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