R. Moore, ‘Stop this Monument Mania’, Evening Standard, 27 September 2005.
F. Driver and D. Gilbert, ‘Imperial Cities: Overlapping Territories, Intertwined Histories’, in F. Driver and D. Gilbert (eds) Imperial Cities: Landscape, Display and Identity ( Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 1999 ), pp. 1–3.
P. Nora, ‘Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Mémoire’, in G. Fabre and R. O’Meally (eds) History and Memory in African American Culture ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994 ), pp. 284–300.
S. J. Morgan, ‘My Father’s Photographs: The Visual as Public History’, in H. Kean, P. Martin and S. J. Morgan (eds) Seeing History: Public History in Britain Now ( London: Francis Boutle, 2000 ), pp. 22–3.
J. Siblon, ‘A Mistaken Case of Identity’, History Workshop Journal, 52 (2001) 253–60.
P. K. Gilbert (ed.) Imagined Londons ( Albany: State University of New York Press, 2002 ), p. 2.
R. Samuel, Theatres of Memory: Past and Present in Contemporary Culture, vol 1 (London: Verso, 1994 ), p. 4.
See N. Myers, Reconstructing the Black Past: Blacks in Britain 1780–1830 ( London: Frank Cass, 1996 ), pp. 7–8.
P. Gilroy, The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness ( London: Verso, 1993 ), p. 15.
A. Tyrrell and J. Walvin, ‘Whose History Is It? Memorialising Britain’s Involvement in Slavery’, in P. A. Pickering and A. Tyrrell with M. T. Davis, N. Mansfield and J. Walvin, Contested Sites: Commemoration, Memorial and Popular Politics in Nineteenth-century Britain ( Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004 ), p. 162.
R. Mace, Trafalgar Square: Emblem of Empire, 2nd edn ( London: Lawrence and Wishart Ltd, 2005 ), p. 12.
C. Spence, ‘Seeing Some Black in the Union Jack’, History Today, 52: 10 (2002) 30–7.
J. Marsh, ‘The Black Presence in British Art 1800–1900’, in J. Marsh (ed.) Black Victorians: Black People in British Art 1800–1900 ( Aldershot: Lund Humphries, 2005 ), p. 18.
G. Courtauld, The Pocket Book of Patriotism ( London: Halstead Books Ltd, 2004 ).
J. R. Oldfield, ‘Chords of Freedom’: Commemoration, Ritual and British Transatlantic Slavery ( Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2007 ), p. 56.
S. Hall, quoted in T. Hunt, ‘Whose History Is It Anyway?’, History Today, (October 2006) 28–30.
Y. Alibhai-Brown, Who Do We Think We Are? Imagining the New Britain ( London: Penguin Books, 2001 ), pp. 184–5.
R. Drayton, ‘The Wealth of the West was Built on Africa’s Exploitation’, The Guardian, 20 August 2005.
D. Knight, Gentlemen of Fortune: The Men who Made their Fortunes in Britain’s Slave Colonies ( London: Frederick Muller Limited, 1978 ), p. 52
M. Dresser, ‘Set in Stone? Statues and Slavery in London’, History Workshop Journal, 64 (2007) 174.
Samuel, Theatres of Memory, p x; M Dresser, ‘Set in Stone? Statues and Slavery in London’, History Workshop Journal, 64 (2007) 175–86.
M. Wood, Blind Memory: Visual Representations of Slavery in England and America 1780–1865 ( Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000 ), p. 7.
T. Hunt, ‘Easy on the Euphoria’, The Guardian, 25 March 2006.
S. Walker, ‘Black Cultural Museums in Britain: What Questions do they Answer?’, in E. Hooper-Greenhill, Cultural Diversity: Developing Museum Audiences in Britain ( London: Leicester University Press, 1997 ), p. 36.
See P. Edwards and D. Dabydeen (eds) Black Writers in Britain 1760–1890: An Anthology ( Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1991 ).
I. Sancho, Letters Of The Late Ignatius Sancho, An African, first published 1782 ( London: Penguin Books Reprint, 1998 )
O. Equiano, The Interesting Narrative and Other Writings, first published 1772 ( London: Penguin Books Reprint, 1995 )
O. Cugoano, Thoughts and Sentiments on the Evil and Wicked Traffic of the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species, etc.’, first published London, 1787 ( New York: Penguin Classics, 1999 ).
M. Sherwood, After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade since 1807 ( London: I. B. Tauris & Co. Ltd, 2007 ), p. 10.
N. Robins, Loot: In Search of the East India Company,http://www.opendemocracy.net/, accessed 22 January 2003
N. Robins, The Corporation that Changed the World: How the East India Company Shaped the Modern Multinational ( Ann Arbor MI: Pluto Press, 2006 ).
J. Schneer, ‘Anti Imperial London: The Pan-African Conference of 1900’, in Driver and Gilbert, Imperial Cities pp. 254–67.
C. Higgins, ‘Historic Portrait of Crimean War Nurse Unveiled’, Guardian, 11 January 2005;http://www.npg.org.uk/live/prelseacole.asp.
D. Massey, ‘Places and Their Pasts’, History Workshop Journal, 39 (1995) 186.
D. Walkowitz and L. M. Knauer (eds) Memory and the Impact of Political Transformation in Public Space ( Durham: Duke University Press, 2004 ), p. 2.
A. Rice, Radical Narratives of the Black Atlantic ( London and New York: Continuum, 2003 ), p. 213.
K. Hodgkin and S. Radstone, Contested Pasts: the Politics of Memory ( London: Routledge, 2003 ), p. 14.