International Anti-Communism before the Cold War: Success and Failure in the Building of a Transnational Right

  • Markku Ruotsila
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Transnational History Series book series (PMSTH)


Usually narrated in terms of a self-contained cold war epoch, the history of modern anti-Communism has become inextricably associated with the superpower rivalry of the United States and the Soviet Union in the forty-year period following the mid-1940s. Representations of conservative anti-Communism, in particular, have been linked with the “liberation” and “roll-back” campaigns waged during the cold war and with the domestic countersubversive efforts under the rubric of McCarthyism. Few studies have examined the anti-Communism of the Right outside the United States, while many have narrated it as a peculiarly American phenomenon that was intricately tied in with national security considerations and notions of American exceptionalism and mission.1 Until very recently, even the investigations that have seen anti-Communism as, above all, an ideological construct or a popular movement, rather than as a mere aspect of superpower rivalry, have tended to concentrate on the extreme Right and to exclude from consideration the broad conservative mainstream.2 Comparative historical studies that conceptualize the anti-Communism of the Right as an international phenomenon remain quite rare.3


Military Intervention Conspiracy Theory National Review American Conservative World Revolution 
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© Martin Durham and Margaret Power 2010

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  • Markku Ruotsila

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