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Election 2000

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Abstract

In 2003, William Kristol reflected that he and others at PNAC and the Standard. had not had particularly high hopes for George W. Bush as a foreign policy president. He had supported Bush’s opponent in the primaries, Senator John McCain (R-AZ), and was concerned about Bush soliciting advice from the Dean of Stanford University, Condoleezza Rice, who Kristol considered to be “a cautious realist.”2 However, Kristol’s pessimism was misplaced. Contrary to the contemporary perception that Bush was inclined toward a more modest view of America’s global role, the strategy sketched out by the Bush campaign, although by no means identical to the one put forward by Kristol, was very sympathetic to it.3 This should not have been surprising since Bush’s advisory team included many prominent neoconservatives and, in a more understated manner, even the “cautious realist,” Rice, invoked an expansive definition of the national interest.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Regime Change Moral Ideal Military Force Clinton Administration 
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Notes

  1. 2.
    Interview with William Kristol, 14 January 2003, PBS Frontlin.,http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/iraq/interviews/kristol.html (30 December 2009).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    On the perception of Bush as a realist, see Ivo H. Daalder and James Lindsay, America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Polic. (Brookings Institution Press, Washington, DC, 2003): 40–41Google Scholar
  3. Stefan Halper and Jonathon Clarke, America Alone: The Neo-Conservatives and the Global Orde. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 2004): 112–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    William Kristol, “A Conservative Looks at Liberalism,” Commentar., September 1993: 33–6. William Kristol and David Tell, “A Teetering Republican Majority,” WSt., 16 November 1998: 24. Fred Barnes, “John McCain’s Conservative Problem,” WSt., 6 March 2000: 15–16.Google Scholar
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  7. 5.
    William Kristol, “Not Clinton Is Not Enough,” WSt., 20 September 1999: 11–12.Google Scholar
  8. 6.
    William Kristol, “The Candidates and the Dictator,” WSt., 9 October 2000: 11.Google Scholar
  9. 7.
    Fred Barnes, “McCain’s Moment,” WSt., 19 April 1999: 11–12.Google Scholar
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    William Kristol and David Brooks, “The McCain Insurrection,” WSt., 14 February 2000: 21–23.Google Scholar
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  13. 25.
    David Brooks, “The Anti-Baby Boomer Candidate,” WSt., 21 February 2000: 11–13.Google Scholar
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  15. 13.
    Romesh Ratnesar, “Global Warnings: While Gore Pushes a Values-Driven Foreign Policy, Bush Is Reluctant to Intervene. Who Is Fit to Lead?” Tim., 30 October 2000, http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,998337,00.html (19 November 2007). Kagan cited in George Packer, The Assassin’s Gate: America in Ira. (Faber and Faber, London 2006): 38.Google Scholar
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  21. 24.
    Speech by George W. Bush, “A Period of Consequences,” The Citadel, South Carolina, 23 September 1999, http://citadel.edu/r3/pao/addresses/ pres_bush.html (27 June 2008). All speech citations are taken from this source. For Kagan’s critical response, see AEI Transition to Governing Debate. For Kristol’s, see PBS interview.Google Scholar
  22. 27.
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  23. 31.
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  25. 40.
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  27. 49.
    Bill Vann, “As Washington Eyes Latin ‘Axis of Evil,’ Coup Attempts Continue in Venezuela,” World Socialist Web Site. 28 October 2002,http://www.wsws.org/articles/2002/oct2002/venz-o28.shtml (30 December 2009).Google Scholar
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  32. 66.
    Ibid.: 14, 17. On the oil security paradigm, see Nick Ritchie and Paul Rogers, The Political Road to War with Iraq: Bush, 9/11 and the Drive to Overthrow Sadda. (Routledge, Oxon and New York, 2007).Google Scholar
  33. 69.
    William W. Harris, The New Face of Lebanon: History’s Reveng. (Marcus Wiener, Princeton, NJ, 2005): 279–314.Google Scholar
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  35. 75.
    Daniel Pipes, “Syria’s Battle on All Fronts,” NYT. 23 April 1996, reproduced by MEF at http://www.meforum.org/article/pipes/277 (30 December 2009).Google Scholar

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© Maria Ryan 2010

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