Election 2000



In 2003, William Kristol reflected that he and others at PNAC and the Standard. had not had particularly high hopes for George W. Bush as a foreign policy president. He had supported Bush’s opponent in the primaries, Senator John McCain (R-AZ), and was concerned about Bush soliciting advice from the Dean of Stanford University, Condoleezza Rice, who Kristol considered to be “a cautious realist.”2 However, Kristol’s pessimism was misplaced. Contrary to the contemporary perception that Bush was inclined toward a more modest view of America’s global role, the strategy sketched out by the Bush campaign, although by no means identical to the one put forward by Kristol, was very sympathetic to it.3 This should not have been surprising since Bush’s advisory team included many prominent neoconservatives and, in a more understated manner, even the “cautious realist,” Rice, invoked an expansive definition of the national interest.


Foreign Policy Regime Change Moral Ideal Military Force Clinton Administration 
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  1. 2.
    Interview with William Kristol, 14 January 2003, PBS Frontlin., (30 December 2009).Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    On the perception of Bush as a realist, see Ivo H. Daalder and James Lindsay, America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Polic. (Brookings Institution Press, Washington, DC, 2003): 40–41Google Scholar
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  4. 4.
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© Maria Ryan 2010

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