Murtaza Malik, The Curtain Rises: Uncovered Conspiracies in Pakistan, Afghanistan (Karachi: Royal Book Company, 2002), 164.
Asadullah Walwalji, Dar Safahat-e-Shamali Afghanistan Chi Miguzasht? [What was happening in the northern areas of Afghanistan?], part 1 (Peshawar, Pakistan: Kitab Firushi-e-Fazl, 1378/1999), 63–65.
Mohammad Nabi Azimi, Aurdu wa Siyasat dar Say Daha-e-Akhir dar Afghanistan [Army and Politics in the Last Three Decades in Afghanistan], vols. 1–2 (Peshawar, Pakistan: Markaz-e-Nasharati Maiwand, Saba Ketabkhana, 1377/1998), 595.
Kathy Gannon, I is for Infidel: From Holy War to Holy Terror, 18 Years Inside Afghanistan (New York: Public Affairs, 2005), 16.
Hafizullah Emadi, “A Historical Perspective of the Durand Line and the Future of Afghanistan-Pakistan Relations,” World Review 30, no. 3 (March 1991): 5–12.
Ahmed Rashid, Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001), 132–33.
Peter Marsden, The Taliban: War, Religion, and the New Order in Afghanistan (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), 65.
Amnesty International, Women in Afghanistan: Pawns in Men’s Power Struggles (London: Amnesty International Secretariat, November 1999), 6.
Michael Griffin, Reaping the Whirlwind: The Taliban Movement in Afghanistan (London: Pluto Press, 2001), 1.
Razaq Mamoon, Raz-e-Khabida: Asrar-e-Margi Dr. Najibullah [A Hidden Mystery: How Dr. Najibullah was Murdered] (n.p.: author, 1386/2007), 98.
Kenneth J. Cooper, “Ethnic Hatred Led to Massacre by Taliban in August,” Seattle Times (November 28, 1998), A–3.
Gary C. Schroen, First In: An Insider’s Account of How the CIA Spearheaded the War on Terror in Afghanistan (New York: Ballantine Books, 2005), 46.
Steve Coll, Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001 (New York: Penguin Press, 2004), 340.
Cited in S. Iftikhar Murshed, Afghanistan: The Taliban Years (London: Bennett and Bloom, 2006), 310–11.
Judy Bachrach, “Afghanistan’s Tragic Throne: Is a Frail, Soft-spoken 87-year-old the Last, Best Hope for Afghanistan?” Vanity Fair, no. 497 (January 2002): 116–19.
Benjamin S. Lambeth, Air Power Against Terror: America’s Conduct of Operation Enduring Freedom (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2005), 71.
Mohammad Yousaf and Mark Adkin, The Bear Trap: Afghanistan’s Untold Story (Lahore, Pakistan: Jang Publishers, 2003), 27–29.