Life After Graduation



The Sunday before Margaret Boyd became the first female graduate of Ohio University, she reported in her diary that the preacher had told” the boys that they may well be proud that they belong to the class that contains the first lady graduate.” This statement brought tears to her eyes, both because she was proud of her accomplishments and because others recognized her contribution to the history of the institution.1 The support she found in the community in Athens did not extend equally to all coeducational colleges and universities, for despite women’s accomplishments in the classroom, there was still apprehension about the roles the female graduates would take on in society. The varied outcomes of women’s higher education, with graduates finding employment, while still pursuing traditional female roles, forced many of the remaining opponents to concede that university coeducation would not bring about the end of the human race.


Female Student Married Woman Woman Student Female Graduate Woman Graduate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 3.
    T. Claye Shaw, “The Collegiate Training of Women,” in The Edinburgh Medical Journal Vol. XV, ed. G. A. Gibson and Alexis Thomson (Edinburgh and London: Young J. Pentland, 1904), 445.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    B. L. Hutchins, “Higher Education and Marriage,” in The Education Papers: Women’s Quest for Equality in Britain, 1850—1912, ed. Dale Spender (London: Koutledge & Kegan Paul, 1987), 333.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    D. I. Mackay, Geographical Mobility and the Brain Drain: A Case Study of Aberdeen University Graduates, 1860–1960 (London: George Allen and Unwin, 1969), 171–180.Google Scholar
  4. 17.
    Robert C. Alberts, Pitt: The Story of the University of Pittsburgh, 1181–1981 (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1986), 48Google Scholar
  5. 18.
    Ruben Gold Thwaites, ed., The University of Wisconsin: Its History and its Alumni (Madison,” WI: J. N. Purcell, 1900), 522, 572.Google Scholar
  6. 24.
    James Coutts, A History of the University of Glasgow: From its Foundation in 1451 to 1909 (Glasgow: J. Maclehose and Sons, 1909), 459.Google Scholar
  7. 30.
    Mercy Grogan, How Women May Earn a Living (London, Paris, and New York: Cassell & Company, 1883), iii.Google Scholar
  8. 40.
    David G. Sansing, The University of Mississippi: A Sesquicentennial History (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999), 137–138.Google Scholar
  9. 61.
    William Johnston, ed., Roll of the Graduates of the University of Aberdeen 1860–1900, Aberdeen University Studies: No. 18 (Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press, 1906), 670Google Scholar
  10. 63.
    Frances E. Willard, Woman and Temperance: Or, The Work and Workers of The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (Hartford, CT: James Betts & Co., 1883), 608.Google Scholar
  11. 64.
    Sarah P. Morrison, Among Ourselves: To A Mother’s Memory Vol. I: Out of North Caro/íníi(Plainfield, IN: Publishing Association of Friends, 1901)Google Scholar
  12. 66.
    Judith Barger, Elizabeth Stirling and the Musical Life of Female Organists in Nineteenth-Century Englanâ (Aldershot, England, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2007), 17Google Scholar
  13. Derek B. Scott, The Singing Bourgeois: Songs of the Victorian Drawing Room and Parlour (Milton Keynes and Philadelphia: Open University Press, 1989), 64.Google Scholar
  14. 67.
    Emily Janes, The Englishwoman’s Year Book and Directory 1900 (London: Adam and Charles Black, 1900), 136.Google Scholar
  15. 69.
    James D. Brown and Stephen S. Stratton, British Musical Biography: A Dictionary of Musical Artists, Authors and Composers, born in Britain and its Colonies (Birmingham: S. S. Stratton, 1897), 197.Google Scholar
  16. 80.
    John Malcolm Bulloch, ed., College Carols (Aberdeen: D. Wylie and Son, 1894), 28, Line 10.Google Scholar
  17. 10.
    John Malcolm Bulloch, A History of the University of Aberdeen 1495–1895 (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1895), 210–211.Google Scholar
  18. 11.
    A. L. Brown and Michael Moss, The University of Glasgow. 1451–1996 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996), 71.Google Scholar
  19. 12.
    Ronald Gordon Cant, The University of St. Andrews: A Short History (Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1970), 132Google Scholar
  20. 25.
    Christina Sinclair Bremner, Education of Girls and Women in Great Britain (London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co., 1897), 151.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Christine D. Myers 2010

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations