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Extracurricular Student Life

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Abstract

The extracurricular, or” extra-academic life,” of students at coeducational universities provides some of the most compelling evidence that the students themselves wished to maintain separate spheres of activity despite working toward the same degrees.1 As discussed in the previous chapter, administrators in the nineteenth century did their best to restrict male and female students to separate areas of the campus by offering separate facilities to each. These regulations were relaxed over time, and the students slowly began integrating in all areas of campus life. The amount of gender mixing remained limited, though, and as Lynn D. Gordon points out in Gender and Higher Education in the Progressive Era, ”men’s and women’s student lives proceeded along separate, although parallel, paths.”2 Sometimes this separation was encouraged by the administration, sometimes by the male students, and sometimes by the women themselves who preferred to have their own groups that appealed to their own skills and plans for their future lives. A mixture of academic organizations and those which were intended to be primarily social was a standard feature on most campuses. Athletics of an informal or formal nature were also increasing in popularity during the nineteenth century, with students having a chance to participate or be spectators. This variety of groups and activities meant that students had ample opportunities to improve their minds and bodies, and some associations even enabled them to look after their souls as well.

Keywords

Female Student Male Student Extracurricular Activity Public Speaking Woman Student 
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Notes

  1. 2.
    Lynn D. Gordon, Gender and Higher Education in the Progressive Era (New Haven, CT, and London: Yale University Press, 1990), 3.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Mary Caroline Crawford, The College Girl of America and the Institutions Which Make Her What She Is (Boston: L. C. Page & Company, 1905), 258.Google Scholar
  3. 38.
    Michael Bezilla, Penn State: An Illustrated History (University Park and London: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1985), 45.Google Scholar
  4. 39.
    James B. Sellers, History of the University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1953), 472.Google Scholar
  5. 70.
    Agnes Lynn Starrett, Through One Hundred and Fifty Years: The University of Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1937), 156–157Google Scholar
  6. 71.
    James Allen Cabaniss, A History of the University of Mississippi (University: University of Mississippi, 1949), 104.Google Scholar
  7. 82.
    Barbara Miller Solomon, In the Company of Educated Women (New Haven, CT, and London: Yale University Press, 1985), 103.Google Scholar
  8. 100.
    F. S. Dumaresq de Carteret-Bisson, Our Schools and Colleges, Vol. II: For Girls (London: Simpkin, Marshall & Co., 1884), 181–182.Google Scholar
  9. 125.
    Isabel Maddison, ed., Handbook of Courses Open to Women in British, Continental and Canadian Universities (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1896), 100Google Scholar
  10. Edith Thompson, Hockey as a Game for Women (London: Edward Arnold, 1905), 4.Google Scholar
  11. 126.
    Foster Watson, ed., The Encyclopaedia and Dictionary of Education in Four Volumes, Volume I (London, Bath, Melbourne, Toronto, and New York: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, 1921), 299.Google Scholar

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© Christine D. Myers 2010

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