The Muslim Brotherhood in Germany

Part of the The Middle East in Focus book series (MEF)


The Muslim Brotherhood gained its first foothold in Germany when the Geneva-based Egyptian Said Ramadan (1926–1995), a close confidant and son-in-law of Muslim Brotherhood founder Hasan al-Banna, took over the Islamic Center in Munich (Islamisches Zentrum München) in 1960.


General Secretary Umbrella Organization Muslim Brotherhood German Public Arab Student 
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  1. 2.
    The first English edition of the text was published in 1961. Said Ramadan, Islamic Law: Its Scope and Equity (London: Macmillan, 1961). The thesis has been published in numerous German and English editions.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    Karl Binswanger, “Fundamentalisten-Filz—Getrennt marschieren, vereint schlagen?” in Bahman Nirumand (ed.), Im Namen Allahs: Islamische Gruppen und der Fundamentalismus in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Köln: Dreisam 1990), pp. 129–148 (143).Google Scholar
  3. 10.
    Until 1981, the Islamic Center Aachen had been a member of the IGD. Johannes Grundmann, Islamische Internationalisten (Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag, 2005), p. 59.Google Scholar
  4. 26.
    Reinhard Schulze, Islamischer Internationalismus im 20: Jahrhundert: Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der Islamischen Weltliga (Leiden: Brill, 1990).Google Scholar

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© Barry Rubin 2010

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