Class, Capital, and Education in this Neoliberal and Neoconservative Period
- 336 Downloads
In the aftermath of “the Bankers’ Bailout,” the 2008–2009 crisis of Neoliberal Finance Capital (and its subsequent impacts on Industrial Capital), the political response to “the credit crunch,” by parties funded by Capital, such as the Democrats and Republicans in the United States and Labour, Liberal, and Conservative Parties in the United Kingdom, and conservative and social democrat parties globally, is not to blame the capitalist system. Not even to blame the neo- liberal form of capitalism. Instead they promise—indeed, threaten more severe forms of neoliberalism—and control. The current neoliberal project, the latest stage of the capitalist project, is to reshape the public’s understanding of the purposes of public institutions and apparatuses, such as schools, universities, and libraries. In schools, intensive testing of pre-designed curricula (high-stakes testing) and accountability schemes (such as the “failing schools” and regular inspection regime that somehow only penalizes working class schools) are aimed at restoring schools (and further education and universities) to what dominant elites—the capitalist class—perceive to be the schools’ “traditional role” of producing passive worker/citizens with just enough skills to render themselves useful to the demands of capital.
KeywordsState Apparatus Much Favored Nation Capitalist Class Global Neoliberalism Deregulate Labor Market
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Althusser, L. (1971). Ideology and state apparatuses. In L. Althusser (ed.). Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays. London: New Left Books.Google Scholar
- Ball, S. (1990). Politics & Policymaking in Education. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Beckmann, A., and Cooper, C. (2004). “Globalization”, the new manageri-alism and education: rethinking the purpose of education. Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 2(1). Available at http://www.jceps.com/index.php?pageID=article &articleID=31.
- Brenner, R. (2005). The Economics of Global Turbulence. London: Verso.Google Scholar
- Carnoy, M. (2002). Latin America: the new dependency and educational reform. In H. Daun (ed.). Educational Restructuring in the Context of Globalization and National Policy. New York: RoutledgeFalmer.Google Scholar
- Chossudovsky, M. (1998). The Globalization of Poverty: Impacts of IMF and World Bank Reform. Halifax: Fernwood.Google Scholar
- Costello, A., and Levidow, L. (2001). Flexploitation strategies: UK lessons for Europe. The Commoner, 1. Available at http://www.commoner.org.uk/Flex3.pdf.
- Delgado-Ramos, G., and Saxe-Fernandez, J. (2005). The World Bank and the privatization of public education: a Mexican perspective. Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 3(1). Available at http://www.jceps.com/index.php?pagelD=article&articleID=44#sdfootnote10sym.
- Dévidai, P. (2004). Trading away human rights? The GATS and the right to education. Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 2(2). Avai lable at http://www.jceps.com/index. php ? p agel D=article &articlel D=28.
- Dumenil, G., and Levy, D. (2004). Capital Resurgent: Roots of the Neoliberal Revolution. London: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Gillborn, D., and Youdell, D. (2000). Rationing Education: Policy, Practice, Reform and Equity. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.Google Scholar
- Giroux, H. (1988). Teachers as Intellectuals: Toward a Critical Pedagogy of Learning. Granby, Massachusetts: Bergin and Garvey.Google Scholar
- Giroux, H. (2004). The Terror of Neoliberalism: Authoritarianism and the Eclipse of Democracy. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.Google Scholar
- Harvey, D. (2005). A Brief History of Neoliberalism. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Hatcher, R. (2001). Getting down to the business: schooling in the globalised economy. Education and Social Justice, 3(2), 45–59.Google Scholar
- Hatcher, R. (2005a). The White Paper: What Does It Intend, What Would It Mean, Will It Happen? Some Initial Thoughts on Some of the Themes in Labour’s Latest Policy Document, unpublished paper, November 4. Available in Word by email attachment from Rikowskigr@aol.com.Google Scholar
- Hatcher, R. (2005b). Business Sponsorship of Schools: For-Profit Takeover or Agents of Neoliberal Change? A Reply to Glenn Rikowski’s Habituation of the Nation: School Sponsors as Precursors to the Big Bang?” November 5, available on Glenn Rikowski’s web log: The Volumizer, at: http://journals.aol.co.uk/rikowskigr/Volumizer/entries/651, posted November 7. Also available from the MASSES (Marxian Analysis of Schools, Society, and Education S IG) list, posted November 5, at: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/MarxSIG. Available also in Word by email attachment, from: Rikowskigr@aol. com.
- Hearse, P. (2009). Has working class consciousness collapsed? International Viewpoint. Online at http://www.internationalviewpoint.org/spip. php ? article 1516.
- Her Majesty’s Government. (2005). Higher Standards, Better Schools for ALL—More Choice for Parents and Pupils. White Paper, Cm6677, October. Norwich: The Stationery Office.Google Scholar
- Hill, D. (2003). Global neo-liberalism, the deformation of education and resistance. Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 1(1). Available at http://www.jeeps.com/index.php?pageID=article&articleID=7.
- Hill, D. (2004b). Books, banks and bullets: controlling our minds—the global project of imperialistic and militaristic neo-liberalism and its effect on education policy. Policy Futures, 2(3). Available at http://www.triangle.co.uk/pfie/.
- Hill, D. (2005a). State theory and the neoliberal reconstruction of schooling and teacher education. In G. Fischman, P. McLaren, H. Stinker, and C. Lankshear (eds.). Critical Theories, Radical Pedagogies and Global Conflicts. Boulder: Rowman &Littlefield.Google Scholar
- Hill, D. (2005c). Critical education for economic and social justice. In M. Prayn and L. Huerta-Charles (eds.). Teaching Peter McLaren: Paths of Dissent. New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
- Hill, D. (2006a). New labour’s education policy. In D. Kassem, E. Mufti, and J. Robinson (eds.). Education Studies: Issues and Critical Perspectives. Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
- Hill, D. (2006b). Class, capital and education in this neoliberal/neoconser-vative period. Information for Social Change, 23. Online at http://libr.org/isc/issues/ISC23/Bl%20Dave%2 0Hill.pdf
- Hill, D. (ed.). (2009a). The Rich World and the Impoverishment of Education: Diminishing Democracy, Equity and Workers’ Rights. New York: Rout ledge.Google Scholar
- Hill, D. (ed.). (2009b). Contesting Neoliberal Education: Public Resistance and Collective Advance. London, New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hill, D., and Kumar, R. (eds.). (2009). Global Neoliberalism and Education and Its Consequences. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hill, D., and Rosskam, E. (eds.). (2009). The Developing World and State Education: Neoliberal Depredation and Egalitarian Alternatives. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Hill, D. with Anijar-Appleton, K., Davidson-Harden, A., Fawcett, B., Gabbard, D., Gindin, J., Kuehn, L., Lewis, C., Mukhtar, A., Pardinaz-Solis, R., Quiros, B., Schugurensky, D., Smaller, H., and Templer, B. (2006). Education services liberalization. InE. Rosskam (ed.). Winners or Los er si Liberalizing Public Services. Geneva: International Labour Organisation.Google Scholar
- Hill, D., Maisuria, A., and Greaves, N. (2006). Does capitalism inevitably increase education inequality? In D.B. Holsinger and W.J. Jacob (eds.). International Handbook on Educational Inequality. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.Google Scholar
- Johnson, P., and Lynch, F. (2004). Sponging off the poor. The Guardian, March. 10.Google Scholar
- Jones, K., Cunchillos, C., Hatcher, R., and Hirtt, N. (2007). Schooling in Western Europe: The New Order and Its Adversaries. London: Palgrave MacMillan. Online at http://www.amazon.co.uk/Schooling-Western-Europe-Order-Advers aries/dp/0 2305514 32/ref= sr_ l_7 ?ie=UTF8 &s= books&qid=1254948680&sr=8-7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Korten, D. (2004). Article in EDUcate. Sindh Educational Foundation, 3(2).Google Scholar
- Leher, R. (2004). A new lord of Education? World Bank policy for peripheral capitalism. Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 2(1). Available at http://www.jceps.com/index.php?pagelD=article&articlelD=20.
- Mahoney, P., I. Menter, and I. Hextall. (2003). Edu-business: are teachers working in a new world? Paper given at American Education Research Association Annual Conference, Chicago, April 21–25. Available at http://www.roehampton.ac.uk/p erc/iptat w/AERAEdu-bu siness. pdf
- Marx, K., and Engels, F. (1848) . The Communist Manifesto. In Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Selected Works. London: Lawrence & Wishart.Google Scholar
- McLaren, P. (2000). Che Guevara, Paolo Ere ire and the Pedagogy of Revolution. Lanham, ML and Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
- McLaren, P. (2005) Capitalists and Conquerors: A Critical Pedagogy Against Empire. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
- McLaren, P. (ed.). (2006). Rage and Hope: Interviews with Peter McLaren on War, Imperialism and Critical Pedagogy. New York, Peter Lang.Google Scholar
- McLaren P., and Farahmandpur, R. (2005). Teaching against Global Capitalism and the New Imperialism. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
- McLaren, P., and Rikowski, G. (2001). Pedagogy for revolution against education for capital: an e-dialogue on education in capitalism today. Cultural Logic: An Electronic Journal of Marxist Theory and Practice, (4) no. 1, 1. Available at http://eserver.org/clogic/4-l/mclaren&rikowski.html and at http://www.ieps.org.uk.cwc.net/mclarrikow.pdf.
- Molnar, A. (2001). Giving Kids the Business: The Commercialisation of America’s Schools (second edition). Westview: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
- Molnar, A. (2005). School Commercialism: From Democratic Ideal to Market Commodity. London: RoutledgeFalmer.Google Scholar
- Office for National Statistics. (2000). Living in Britain 2000. Online atGoogle Scholar
- Pollin, R. (2003). Contours of Descent. London: Verso.Google Scholar
- Rikowski, G. (2002). Globalisation and education. A paper prepared for the House of Lords Select Committee on Economic Affairs, Report on “Globalisation”, HL Paper 5–1, November 18. On House of Lords CD-ROM. Also at Independent News for Student and School student Activists. Available at http://education.portal.dk3.com/article.php ?sid=21 and at www.ieps.org.uk.
- Rikowski, G. (2003). Schools and the GATS enigma. Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 1(1). Available at http://www.jceps.com/index. php?pageID=article &articleID = 8.
- Rikowski, G. (2005a). Silence on the Wolves: What is Absent in New Labour’s Five Tear Strategy for Education. Occasional Paper published by the Education Research Centre, University of Brighton, UK. F aimer Papers in Education, 1(1).Google Scholar
- Rikowski, G. (2005b). The education white paper and the marketisation and capitalisation of the secondary schools system in England. October 24, in Two Parts: Part I is at: http://journals.aol.co.uk/rikowskigr/Volumizer/ entries/571 and Part II at: http://journals.aol.co.uk/rikowskigr/ Volumizer/entries/572.
- Ross, EW., and Gibson, R. (eds.). Neoliberalism and Education Reform. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.Google Scholar
- Rosskam, E. (ed.). (2006). Winners or Losers? Liberalizing Public Services. Geneva: International Labour Organisation.Google Scholar
- Santos, B. (2004). A universidade no século XXI. Sao Paolo, Brazil: Cortez.Google Scholar
- Schugarensky, D., and Davidson-Harden, A. (2003). From Cordoba to Washington: WTO/GATS and Latin American education. Globalization, Societies and Education, 1(3).Google Scholar
- Sinclair S., and Grieshaber-Otto J. (2002). Facing the Facts: A Guide to the GATS Debate. Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.Google Scholar
- Siqueira, A. (2005). The regulation of education through the WTO/GATS: path to the enhancement of human freedom? Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 3(1).Google Scholar
- Weiner, J. (2006) UCLA’s “Dirty Thirty”. The Nation, February 13. Available at http://www.thenation.com/doc/20060213/wiener.
- Whitty, G., Power, S., and Halpin, D. (1998). Devolution and Choice in Education: The School, the State and the Market. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.Google Scholar