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A Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing or a Sheep in Wolf’s Clothing: Resistance to Educational Reform in Chile

  • Jill Pinkney Pastrana
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Part of the Marxism and Education book series (MAED)

Abstract

This chapter is part of a body of work grounded in ongoing ethnographic research begun in 1998 that examines the local effects of education reform that has been occurring in Chile since re-democratization. Chile is a country with a long history of national commitment to a well-developed public education system with levels of school coverage and national literacy significantly higher than those in most countries in Latin America. In the early 1980s while in the midst of a brutal military dictatorship, Chile became the first country in the world to re-form its educational system along firmly neoliberal lines. Since re-democratization, a series of educational reforms have been undertaken that, while progressive on some levels, have not significantly changed the underlying neoliberal structure put into place in the 1980s. These reforms, many of which have been housed within La Reforma Educational Chilena (REC), have met with some success, though many problems remain. The REC and other reforms brought a new impetus to address the many problems in Chilean schooling, especially in the public sector, and created many opportunities for schools throughout the country to innovate and improve. However, the reform did not address in any way the underlying neo- liberal structure that was imposed upon the educational system of Chile during the dictatorship, and, in fact, some elements of the REC were actually designed to improve neoliberal aspects of the educational system.

Keywords

Education Policy Education Reform Charter School Urban Rural Comparative Education Review 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Sheila Macrine, Peter McLaren, and Dave Hill 2010

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  • Jill Pinkney Pastrana

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