Problems of Disposal



In early January 1832, the British survey vessel H.M.S. Beagle, carrying twenty-two-year-old naturalist Charles Darwin on the first stage of a five-year circumnavigation of the globe, was turned away from the port of Santa Cruz on Tenerife out of fear that the ship might be carrying cholera. European governments had been trying for months to stem the progress of the pandemic as it moved out of Asia, across Hungary, Poland, and Germany, toward England and France. Newspapers in London and in the port cities of North America kept track of the successive outbreaks of sickness as they moved steadily and fatally to the west. In the English press, conservatives and radicals alike came to view the relentless approach of the disease as an ominous symbol for the social and political upheaval associated with months of acrimonious debate over the first Reform Bill.


Cholera Outbreak Hybrid Creature Silent Water English Press American Clergy 
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© Douglas Anderson 2009

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