August Wilson, “The Ground on Which I Stand,” Callallo 20.3 (1997): 493.
August Wilson, interview with George Plimpton (additional material by Bonnie Lyons); George Plimpton, ed., Playwrights at Work (New York: The Modern Library, 2000), 353.
Mark Rocha, “August Wilson and the Four Bs,” in Marilyn Elkins, ed., August Wilson: A Casebook (New York: Garland, 1994), 7–8.
William J. Harris, “Introduction,” in The Leroi Jones/Amiri Baraka Reader (New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 1991), xxiv–xxx.
Sandra Shannon, The Dramatic Vision of August Wilson (Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1995), 26.
Samuel Hay, Ed Bullins: A Literary Biography (Michigan: Wayne State University Press, 1997), 258.
Ed Bullins, “Two Days Shie,” in Joyce Nakamura, ed., Contemporary Authors: Autobiography Series, vol. 16 (Detroit: Gale Research, 1984), 67.
Ed Bullins, In the Wine Time, Five Plays By Ed Bullins (New York: Bobbs-Merrill, Co, 1968), 116, 118–119.
Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man (New York: Vintage [Random House], 1995).
August Wilson, interview with Bill Moyers, “Writing and the Blues” in World of Ideas (Princeton, NJ: Films for the Humanities, 1994).
Alain Locke, “The New Negro,” in The New Negro (New York: Maxwell Macmillian Intl., 1992).
Sandra Shannon and August Wilson, “August Wilson Explains his Dramatic Vision: An Interview,” in The Dramatic Vision of August Wilson (Washington, DC: Howard University Press, 1995), 203.
Harry Elam, “Introduction,” in The Past As Present in the Drama of August Wilson (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2004), 14.
August Wilson and Bonnie Lyons, “An Interview with August Wilson,” Contemporary literature 40.1 (1999): 9.
August Wilson, Preface, Three Plays (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1994), xi–xii.
W. E. B. Du Bois, “Criteria of Negro Art,” in David. L. Lewis, ed., W.E.B. Du Bois: A Reader (New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1995).
W. E. B. Du Bois, “Of Our Spiritual Striving,” in Souls of Black Folk (Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co, 1903), 3–4. Documenting the America South, online archive, December 20, 2005. http://docsouth.unc.edu/church/duboissouls/dubois.html