Does Participation Matter? Effective Authoritarianism in New Order Indonesia



Unlike the other cases in this book, Suharto’s New Order regime severely restricted political participation while attempting to ensure law and order and providing a high level of education and poverty relief. Thus, this case presents an alternative strategy and begs the question of whether participation really matters. If states seek to positively influence Islamist group mobilization strategies, does effectiveness matter more than institutional inclusion? Are Islamist groups that eschew violence only responding to material and coercive incentives? This chapter highlights the shortcomings of the effective authoritarian model, the importance of political access, and the consequences of limiting political participation.


Islamic Bank Muslim World Muslim Brotherhood Islamic State Study Circle 
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© Julie Chernov Hwang 2009

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