Islamist Mobilization and Variation in the Turkish State



Turkey presents an extremely interesting and unique case for understanding the variation in Islamist mobilization. It has the historical legacy of the Ottoman Empire, where the caliphate was the center of Islam.1 Yet, in 1923, it charted a new course when it underwent a radical secularizing revolution that severely limited the role of religion in the public sphere. In what some might call an Islamic counterrevolution, many of the most severe of these policies were eased in the 1950s. Now, Turkey seeks to become the first Muslim country to be admitted into the European Union. Throughout its history, Turkey has actively chartered courses, rather than passively responding to them.


Political Party Muslim World Turkish State Islamic School Religious Affair 
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© Julie Chernov Hwang 2009

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