Japan in a bipolar world: an introduction

Part of the St Antony’s Series book series


The 50th Anniversary of the signing of the Sino-Soviet Alliance went unnoticed in most Asian capitals. This included Tokyo, where ironically the Russian Foreign Minister, Igor Ivanov, was concluding an official visit. In February 1950, however, all eyes had focused upon Moscow, where Josef Stalin and Mao Zedong were concluding a 30-year pact to unite the strategic ‘heartland of Eurasia’.1 A ‘Communist bloc’ now stretched from Berlin to Beijing. Little more than a decade later, however, as the outside world watched in astonishment, this ‘eternal and indestructible’ alliance slowly crumbled under the weight of its internal contradictions.2


Foreign Policy Security Treaty Japanese Policy Communist Bloc Japanese Politics 
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  1. 1.
    The treaty was actually signed by Foreign Ministers Zhou Enlai and A. Ia. Vyshinskii. A. Doak Barnett, Communist China and Asia (1960) New York: 375.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    The phrase is from Mao Zedong’s speech on 17 February 1950, as he was about to depart from Moscow. Stuart Schram, Mao Tse-tung (1966) Harmondsworth: 256.Google Scholar
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    John Gaddis, We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History (1997) Oxford: 288.Google Scholar
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    Other landmark bilateral agreements included the Treaty of Friendship, 31 May 1924, the Non-Aggression Pact, 31 August 1937, and the Treaty of Friendship and Alliance, 14 August 1945.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© C. W. Braddick 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Musashi UniversityTokyoJapan

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