Advertisement

The EU as an Agricultural Trade Partner

  • Bernadette Andreosso-O’Callaghan
Chapter
  • 112 Downloads

Abstract

Increasing trade across nations of the world has been one of the dominant features of post-war economic development. In the last 40 years, the share of world trade in total world GDP has more than doubled, increasing from a quarter of GDP in 1960 to nearly 52 per cent in 1999 (World Bank, 2001). In the agricultural sector, food exports have also increased faster than food output. This increase in volume as well as in value terms has greatly been facilitated by the establishment of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in the late 1940s, whose aims have been continued by the WTO (World Trade Organization). The way in which the GATT/WTO has enabled a greater economic integration of countries through trade will be examined in Chapter 8.

Keywords

Comparative Advantage Trade Agreement Trade Liberalization Mediterranean Country Gaza Strip 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Anderson, K. (1988) Rent-seeking and Trade Policy in Rich and Poor Countries, mimeo, University of Adelaide, September.Google Scholar
  2. Andreosso-O’Callaghan, B. (2002) ‘The centrality of the solidarity concept in the process of European integration’, Studies — An Irish Quarterly Review, 91: 362, 134–43, Summer.Google Scholar
  3. CEC (1994) Towards a New Asia Strategy COM (94) 34 final (Brussels and Luxembourg).Google Scholar
  4. CEC (1995) Trade Relations between the EU and the Developing Countries (EU Commission, DG for Development, Brussels and Luxembourg).Google Scholar
  5. CEC (1996a) Frontier Free Europe A Monthly Newsletter — Supplement, No. 4, 1996, Brussels.Google Scholar
  6. CEC (1996b) Creating a New Dynamic in EU-ASEAN Relations COM (96) 314 final (Brussels and Luxembourg).Google Scholar
  7. CEC (1997a) The EU as a World Trade Partner European Economy No. 3 (Brussels and Luxembourg).Google Scholar
  8. CEC (1997b) European Initiative for Agricultural Research for Development (Communication to the Council and the European Parliament) COM (97) 126 final (Brussels and Luxembourg).Google Scholar
  9. CEC (2000) The EC Development Policy Communication to the Council and to the EP, COM (2000) 212 (01) (Brussels and Luxembourg).Google Scholar
  10. CEC (2001) EU And Asia: A Strategic Framework for Enhanced Partenership. Communication from the Commission, COM (2001) 469 final, Brussels and Luxembourg, 4th September.Google Scholar
  11. CEC (2002a) The Agricultural Situation in the EU (2000 Report, Brussels and Luxembourg).Google Scholar
  12. CEC (2002b) Trade and Development — Assisting Developing Countries to Benefit from Trade. Communication from the Commission to the Council and theGoogle Scholar
  13. European Parliament, COM (2002) 513 final (Brussels and Luxembourg).Google Scholar
  14. Delgado, C., Rosegrant, M., Steinfeld, H., Ehui, S. and Courbois, C. (1999) Livestock to 2020: the next revolution, IFPRI Discussion Paper, Washington DC.Google Scholar
  15. Diaz-Bonilla, E. and Reca, L. (2000) ‘Trade and agroindustrialization in develop-ing countries: trends and policy impact’, Agricultural Economics, 23: 3, 219–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. EUROSTAT (2001) Trade Statistics of the EV (Luxembourg).Google Scholar
  17. EUROSTAT (2002) Statistical Yearbook on Candidate and South-East European Countries (Luxembourg and Brussels).Google Scholar
  18. FAO (2002) The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2002. Annual Report of the Food and Agricultural Organization, Rome.Google Scholar
  19. Garcia Alvarez Coque, J.M. (2002) ‘Agricultural trade and the Barcelona Process: Is full liberalisation possible?’, European Review of Agricultural Economics, 29: 3, 399–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. IFAD (2001) Rural Poverty Report 2001 — The Challenge of Ending Eural Poverty. International Fund for Agricultural Development, Rome.Google Scholar
  21. Lorca, A. and Escribano, G. (2000) The Euro-Mediterranean Free Trade Area. From Competition to Integration. Paper presented at the Seventh Economic Research Forum International Conference, Amman.Google Scholar
  22. Molle, W. (1990) The Economics of European Integration — Theory, Practice, Policy (Dartmouth: Aldershot).Google Scholar
  23. OECD (2000) Trade by Commodities (Paris: OECD).Google Scholar
  24. OJEC (1974) ‘Council Decision of 8 May 1964 on the conclusion of a Trade Agreement between the EEC and the State of Israel’, Official Journal of the European Communities, No. 95, 64/357/EEC, Brussels.Google Scholar
  25. Ricardo, D. (1817) On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation. Reprinted in P. Sraffa and M. Dobb (eds) (1953) The Works and Correspondence of David Ricardo, Vol. I (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  26. Smith, A. (1776) An Enquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (Reprinted 1976, Chicago: Chicago University Press).Google Scholar
  27. The Courier (1996) No. 155, Europan Commission, January, Brussels.Google Scholar
  28. UNCTAD (2001) Duty and Quota-Free Market Access for LDCs: An Analysis of QUAD Initiatives. Geneva.Google Scholar
  29. UNCTAD (2002) Trade and Development Report Report (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Geneva).Google Scholar
  30. World Bank (2001) World Development Indicators Washington.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bernadette Andreosso-O’Callaghan 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernadette Andreosso-O’Callaghan
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LimerickIreland

Personalised recommendations