CFR-RIIA Interconnections: A Transnational Ruling Class, Liberal Atlantic Community or Anglo-American Establishment?

  • Inderjeet Parmar


The CFR and Chatham House were not only intimately connected with a myriad of national establishment societies and organisations, as indicated in Chapter 2, but also with one another. This chapter aims to examine the extent and nature of such interconnections from 1919 to 1945. It will be seen that the connections between the two internationalist think tanks were many and varied, ranging from personal correspondence, cooperation in publishing and disseminating literature, exchanges and other visits, joint international conferences and study groups. In addition, of course, they were founded at the same meetings at Paris in 1919–20 and, during the 1920s through the Great Depression to the end of the Second World War, they were financially sustained by the great American philanthropic foundations. However loosely, then, it may be claimed that the leaders of the two think tanks were components of an Anglo-American ‘establishment’.


Foreign Policy World Order Rockefeller Foundation Foreign Relation Carnegie Corporation 
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  1. 35.
    Lothian, ‘Memorandum on British Defense’, 28 July 1940, Lothian Papers, Box 516.Google Scholar
  2. 36.
    Lothian, ‘Confidential Memorandum on needs of Great Britain’, ca 2 August 1940, Lothian Papers, Box 516.Google Scholar

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© Inderjeet Parmar 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inderjeet Parmar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GovernmentUniversity of ManchesterUK

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